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Table 5 Mean food and fluid fasting times in hours with 95% confidence intervals for each intervention group pre- and post-intervention and for change in mean fasting time from pre-to post-intervention

From: A pragmatic cluster randomised trial evaluating three implementation interventions

Intervention Pre-intervention Post-intervention Change
  Food Fluid Food Fluid Food Fluid
Standard dissemination 14.2 10.1 14.4 8.97 −0.16 1.16
(95% CI 13.2, 15.2) (95% CI 7.74, 12.5) (95% CI 13.4, 15.4) (95% CI 6.77, 11.2) (95% CI
−1.08, 0.76)
(95% CI −0.64, 2.96)
SD + web resource/opinion leader 13.8 8.83 14.5 8.25 −0.74 0.58
(95% CI 13.0, 14.6) (95% CI 7.27, 10.4) (95% CI 13.4, 15.7) (95% CI 6.92, 9.58) (95% CI −1.99, 0.52) (95% CI −1.06, 2.21)
SD + PDSA 14.0 9.86 14.0 8.90 0.05 0.96
(95% CI 13.5, 14.6) (95% CI 8.02, 11.7) (95% CI 12.9, 15.0) (95% CI 7.28, 10.5) (95% CI −1.13, 1.24) (95% CI −0.32, 2.23)
All intervention groups 14.0 9.60 14.2 8.91 −0.27 0.91
  (95% CI 13.7, 14.3) (95% CI 9.00, 10.2) (95% CI 13.9, 14.6) (95% CI 8.46, 9.36) (95% CI −0.80, 0.25) (95% CI 0.16, 1.66)