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Table 1 Set of effect measures

From: The European quality of care pathways (EQCP) study on the impact of care pathways on interprofessional teamwork in an acute hospital setting: study protocol: for a cluster randomised controlled trial and evaluation of implementation processes

Effect measures Typology Level of analysis Description Instrument Respondents
Team composition Team input Cluster level The different professional groups of which the team is built up of. Team membership list Study coordinator
Team reflexivity Team input Cluster level Frequency of follow up of the care process. Structured questionnaire Study coordinator
Team meetings Team input Cluster level Frequency of team meetings. Structured questionnaire Study coordinator
Number of different professional groups attending team meetings.
Leadership structure Team input Cluster level Leadership structure of the team: No team leader/1 team leader/shared leadership Structured questionnaire Study coordinator
Coordinating mechanisms Team input Cluster level Use of guidelines and protocols, information systems, case management, interdisciplinary patient rounds, and interdisciplinary team meetings. Structured questionnaire Study coordinator
Dedicated team members Team input Individual level If team members are exclusively dedicated to COPD of PFF care within the team or not. Structured questionnaire Team members
Perceived ‘teamness’ Team input Individual level To what extent is the team perceived by the team members as being a real interprofessional team? Structured questionnaire (score 1–5) Team members
Work environment Team input Individual level To what extent is the work environment supportive for teamwork? Structured questionnaire (score 1–5) Team members
Management support Team input Individual level To what extent is the hospital management supportive for teamwork? Structured questionnaire (score 1–5) Team members
Conflict management Team process Individual level The quality of how conflicts are managed within the team. Structured questionnaire (score 1–5) Team members
Leadership quality Team process Individual level Quality of leadership: general satisfaction with leader, leadership skills and effectiveness of leadership. Structured questionnaire (score 1–5) Team members
Team involvement Team process Individual level How involved does each team member feel with the team? Structured questionnaire (score 1–5) Team members
Team climate for innovation Team process Individual level - Team Vision: clarity of and commitment to objectives (4 items) Team Climate Inventory[38] Team members
    - Participative safety (4 items)   
- Task orientation: emphasis on quality (3 items)
- Support for innovation (3 items)
Relational coordination Team process Individual level - Communication dimensions (4 items): frequent, timely, accurate and problem solving communication Relational Coordination Survey[31] Team members
    - Relationship dimensions (3 items): shared goals, shared knowledge and mutual respect   
Level of organised care Team output Individual level Level of organisation of the care process: Care Process Self Evaluation Tool[39] Team members
    - Patient focused organisation (6 items)   
- Coordination of CP (7 items)
- Communication with patient and family (4 items)
- Collaboration with primary care (3 items)
- Follow up of CP (9 items)
Work Engagement Team output Individual level Level of engagement to work: Burn Out Inventory[40] Team members
    - Emotional exhaustion (5 items)   
- Mental detachment (5 items)
- Level of competence (5 items)