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Table 1 Results from the logistic regression analyses, Step 1 (bivariate analyses) and Step 3 (final model)

From: Nurses’ research utilization two years after graduation—a national survey of associated individual, organizational, and educational factors

Independent variables OR (CI) for low RU Step 1 p OR (CI) for low RU Step 3 p
Work context     
Permanent employment position 1.13 (0.86-1.49) .379   
Clinical setting     
 Hospital care (acute somatic care) ref   ref  
 Primary care (community health centers, home care) (0.67-2.71) .409 1.27 (0.59-2.76) .540
 Elder care (special housing for seniors) 1.08 (0.71-1.64) .725 1.25 (0.79-1.96) .345
 Psychiatric care (hospitals and outpatient clinics) 3.65 (2.10-6.37) .000 3.67 (1.92-7.03) .000
Work >75% of full-time 1.07 (0.74-1.55) .729   
Work shifts     
 Day, evening, night ref    
 Monday to Friday (day, evening) 1.35 (0.88-2.07) .169   
 Night 0.87 (0.52-1.45) .593   
Management     
Work overtime several times per week 0.70 (0.50-0.97) .033   
Adequate staffing compared with patients’ needs of care 1.30 (0.98-1.73) .067 1.43 (1.03-1.98) .031
No/unknown individual plan for competence development 1.40 (1.05-1.87) .020   
Role ambiguity 1.63 (1.19-2.22) .002 1.44 (1.00-2.06) .050
Deficient leadership 1.33 (0.99-1.79) .063   
Individual qualities and characteristics     
Sociodemographic characteristics a     
Men 2.10 (1.31-3.36) .002 1.88 (1.10-3.23) .021
Age >30 years 1.08 (0.82-1.42) .570   
No previous assistant nurse training 1.03 (0.79-1.36) .824   
Further study after nursing degree 1.60 (1.09-2.35) .017 1.40 (0.88-2.21) .152
Individual perceptions and management of education a     
Low global importance of studies 1.52 (1.10-2.11) .011   
Time allocated to studies:     
 Full-time ref    
 >Full-time 0.68 (0.48-0.96) .030   
 ≤75% of full-time 1.17 (0.83-1.64) .381   
Low student activity: asking questions in class 1.33 (0.94-1.90) .108   
Low student activity: contribution to discussions in class 1.57 (1.13-2.19) .008 1.66 (1.16-2.39) .006
Low educational quality (scientific theory and method) 1.10 (0.81-1.48) .550   
Feel unprepared to manage work as nurse 1.42 (1.06-1.91) .020   
Individual perceptions of work, second year     
High job demands 0.90 (0.67-1.20) .476   
Low challenge at work 2.30 (1.57-3.37) .000 2.03 (1.31-3.15) .002
Low control at work 0.86 (0.51-1.43) .560   
Psychological consequences for employees     
Often think about leaving the profession 1.53 (0.99-2.37) .057   
High disengagement 1.57 (1.04-2.37) .033   
High exhaustion 1.08 (0.81-1.44) .604   
Low mastery at work 1.48 (1.10-1.99) .010 1.29 (0.91-1.83) .149
  1. OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval.
  2. Bold headings in italics = elements. Headings in italics = subelements. Results represent 95% CIs.
  3. aSociodemographic Characteristics and Individual Perceptions and Management of Education were entered together as one block in the model based on our hypothesis that both of these two blocks influence Individual Perceptions of Work in the second year.