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Table 4 Correlations and descriptive variables for all study variables (n = 364)

From: What helps and hinders midwives in engaging with pregnant women about stopping smoking? A cross-sectional survey of perceived implementation difficulties among midwives in the North East of England

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
1 Action planning   .791** .453** .434** .711** .792** .475** .610** .546** .778** .738** .275** .259** –.249** –.524** .107* .041
2 Beliefs about capabilities    .423** .540** .639** .770** .513** .659** .608** .798** .646** .236** .225** –.251** –.425** .068 –.031
3 Beliefs about consequences     .473** .533** .408** .280** .480** .329** .412** .440** .232** .257** –.215** –.262** –.008 –.018
4 Emotion      .438** .379** .409** .442** .442** .464** .453** .197** .178** –.153** –.286** .044 –.058
5 Environmental context and resources       .631** .476** .598** .460** .672** .650** .189** .246** –.201** –.361** .055 –.047
6 Knowledge        .400** .566** .583** .747** .610** .234** .238** –.223** –.404** .058 .041
7 Memory, attention, and decision processes         .412** .358** .443** .406** .135* .143** –.198** –.308** .001 .008
8 Motivation and goals          .625** .561** .627** .194** .113** –.123* –.233** .055 .016
9 Professional role/identity           .587** .597** .160** .107** –.140** –.231** .049 .048
10 Skills            .668** .157** .191** –.292** –.477** .084 –.012
11 Social influences             .228** .190** –.186** –.453** .047 .041
12 Length of time practiced as a midwife              .647** –.086 –.251** .151** .066
13 Age               –.055 –.251** .118* –.076
14 Training as a specialist in smoking cessation                .186** –.048 .119*
15 Main place of work                 –.069 .002
16 Current smoker                  .200*
17 Ever smoked                  
Cronbach’s alpha 0.87 0.81 0.61 0.71 0.70 0.68 0.84 0.78 0.81 0.87 0.80
Mean (SD) 3.83
(0.89)
4.12
(0.69)
3.25
(0.63)
4.07
(0.65)
3.48
(0.79)
4.24
(0.64)
3.59
(0.99)
4.28
(0.57)
4.31
(0.56)
3.77
(0.96)
3.89 (0.68)
Range 1.25 to 5 1 to 5 1.5 to 5 1.5 to 5 1 to 5 2 to 5 1 to 5 2 to 5 2 to 5 1 to 5 1 to 5
  1. SD = standard deviation.
  2. Note: Correlations are reported as Pearson or biserial.
  3. *Correlation is significant at 0.05 level (two-tailed). **Correlation is significant at 0.01 level (two-tailed).