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Table 1 Summary characteristics of studies citing the original Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) paper that used the framework in an empirical study

From: Theories of behaviour change synthesised into a set of theoretical groupings: introducing a thematic series on the theoretical domains framework

Lead author, source, date Paper title Study design of TDF-based component Sample Behaviour; setting
Jacobs N. Patient Education & Counseling 2011:85(1);122 Effect of a cardiovascular prevention program on health behaviour and BMI in highly educated adults: A randomized controlled trial Randomised controlled trial Highly educated adults (n = 314) Fat intake, physical activity, smoking; Belgium
Amemori M. Implementation Science 2011:6(1); 50 Assessing implementation difficulties in tobacco use prevention and cessation counselling among dental providers Questionnaire study Dental healthcare providers (n = 73) Providing tobacco use prevention techniques and cessation counselling; Finland
Zhu D. Obesity Reviews 2011:12(501);e324 The relationship between health professionals’ weight status and attitudes towards weight management: A systematic review Systematic review Health professionals from 14 independent samples (n = 10,043) Providing weight management advice
Helms C. Vaccine 2011:29(16);2895 Implementation of mandatory immunisation of healthcare workers: Observations from New South Wales, Australia Interview study Stakeholders from health department, hospitals, health professional associations, universities (n = 58) Immunisation of healthcare workers; Australia
Dyson J. Journal of Infection Prevention 2011:12(1);17 Does the use of a theoretical approach tell us more about hand hygiene behaviour? The barriers and levers to hand hygiene Interviews, focus groups, and questionnaire study Healthcare practitioners (n = 25, 21, 24 for interviews, focus groups, and questionnaire, respectively) Hand hygiene behaviours; UK
Ivers NM. Implementation Science 2010:5(1); 98 Feedback GAP: Study protocol for a cluster-randomized trial of goal setting and action plans to increase the effectiveness of audit and feedback interventions in primary care Protocol for process evaluation, involving interviews, to investigate barriers to change in trial context Primary care practitioners (target n = 12) Primary care; Canada
Cuthbertson B. Trials 2010:11; 117 A study of the perceived risks, benefits and barriers to the use of SDD in adult critical care units (the SuDDICU study) Protocol for multistage feasibility study involving interviews for a Delphi study Four stakeholder groups involved in intensive care (critical care, infectious diseases, pharmacy, nursing) (target n = 120) Provision of Selective Decontamination of the Digestive Tract (SDD) in Critical Care; UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand
McKenzie JE. Implementation Science 2010:5(1); 86 Improving the care for people with acute low-back pain by allied health professionals (the ALIGN trial): A cluster randomised trial protocol Protocol includes interviews; findings used to design intervention Physiotherapists and chiropractors in Australia (210 practices) Behaviours from a clinical practice guideline for acute low back pain; Australia
Hetrick S. Australasian Psychiatry 2010:18(5);451 Promoting physical health in youth mental health services: Ensuring routine monitoring of weight and metabolic indices in a first episode psychosis clinic Interview study Psychiatrists (n not reported) Monitoring of weight gain and metabolic indices in people with first episode psychosis; Australia
Brotherton JML. Sexual Health 2010:7(3):291 National survey of general practitioners’ experience of delivering the national human papillomavirus vaccination (HPV) program Questionnaire study General practitioners (n = 298) Delivery of HPV vaccine, general practice; Australia
Clarkson JE. Implementation Science 2010:5(1);57 The translation research in a dental setting (TRiaDS) programme protocol Questionnaires and interviews used to develop interventions Range of samples, dentistry staff Range of dental care behaviours; UK
Edwards P. BMC Public Health 2010:10;200 Assessing the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of adaptive e-Learning to improve dietary behaviour: Protocol for a systematic review Systematic review Participants aged 13 years or over Dietary behaviour
Guillaimie L. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity 2010:7;12. Psychosocial determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in adult population: A systematic review Systematic review General population (n = 34,577) Fruit and vegetable intake
McCluskey A. BMC Health Services Research 2010:10;18 Delivering an evidence-based outdoor journey intervention to people with stroke: Barriers and enablers experienced by community rehabilitation teams Before-after interview study Allied health professionals from two rehabilitation teams
(n = 13)
Delivery of evidence-based outdoor journey intervention for people with stroke; Australia
Nzinga J. Implementation Science 2010:4(1); 44 Documenting the experiences of health workers expected to implement guidelines during an intervention study in Kenyan hospitals Interview study Health workers (n = 29) Paediatric and newborn care in hospitals; Kenya
Godin G. Implementation Science 2010:3(1); 36 Healthcare professionals’ intentions and behaviours: A systematic review of studies based on social cognitive theories Systematic review Studies of health professionals’ behaviour (n = 78) Studies based on social cognitive theories
Francis JJ. British Journal of Health Psychology 2009:14(4);625 Evidence-based selection of theories for designing behaviour change interventions: Using methods based on theoretical construct domains to understand clinicians’ blood transfusion behaviour Interview study Intensive care consultants and neonatologists (n = 18) Intensive care and paediatric intensive care; UK
Judah G. American Journal of Public Health 2009:99(Suppl.2) Experimental pretesting of hand-washing interventions in a natural setting Naturalistic randomised study; hour of the day as unit of randomisation General population (n = nearly 200,000 restroom uses) Hand washing in public restrooms; UK
Pitt VJ. Disability & Rehabilitation 2008:30(25);1938 Referral of people with osteoarthritis to self-management programmes: Barriers and enablers identified by general practitioners Interview study General practitioners (n = 13) Referral of people with osteoarthritis to self-management programmes; Australia
McKenzie JE. Implementation Science 2008:3(1); 11 IMPLEmenting a clinical practice guideline for acute low back pain evidence-based manageMENT in general practice (IMPLEMENT): Cluster randomised controlled trial study protocol Protocol includes focus group interviews; findings used to design intervention General practitioners (target sample size = 92 general practices) Behaviours from a clinical practice guideline for acute low back pain; Australia
Michie S. Implementation Science 2007:2(1); 8 Difficulties implementing a mental health guideline: An exploratory investigation using psychological theory Interview study Professionals in community mental health teams (n = 20) Offering a family intervention to families of people with schizophrenia; UK
  1. BMI body mass index; GAP goal setting and action plans; SuDDICU selective decontamination of the digestive tract in intensive care units; ALIGN acute low-back pain: implementing guidelines iNto practice.