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Table 9 Most frequently mentioned barriers and facilitators to the use of evidence in policymaking and strategies to improve evidence to policy

From: Use of health systems and policy research evidence in the health policymaking in eastern Mediterranean countries: views and practices of researchers

Barriers to evidence-informed policies (n = 150) Facilitators to evidence-informed policies (n = 83) Strategies to improve evidence to policy (n = 119)
• Lack of funding for health research 30(20%) • Communication and networking 15(18%) • Communication, networking, and dialogue 24(20%)
• Over-riding political forces 19(13%) • Availability of funding for health research 15(18%) • Increase funding and investments in health research 16(13%)
• Lack of political will and corruption 15(10%) • Availability of health research on policy priorities 10(12%) • Build capacity of policymakers 9(8%)
• Lack of communication and insufficient dialogue 14(9%) • Political pressure to use research in policymaking in certain fields 7(8%) • Train researchers on conducting health systems and policy research and KTE strategies 7(6%)
• Lack of appropriately trained policymakers in use of evidence 13(9%) • Wide dissemination of research 5(6%) • Improve dissemination of research 7(6%)
   • Belief in the importance of evidence-informed policymaking 4(5%) • Conduct sensitization and awareness workshops on evidence informed policymaking 6(5%)
   • Public opinion and stakeholders pressures 4(5%) • Provide incentives or legislations for policymakers to use evidence in policymaking 6(5%)
  1. n = total number of responses to each question, respondents listed up to three responses.