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Table 2 Influences on sustainability

From: The sustainability of new programs and innovations: a review of the empirical literature and recommendations for future research

  Overall Health-related field-specific findings
  Number of quantitative findings
(n = 30 studies)
Number of qualitative findings
(n = 36 studies)
Number of medical intervention findings
(n = 19)
Number of public health/health-promotion findings
(n = 27)
Number of mental health findings
(n = 22)
Innovation characteristics 11 18 7 12 10
Fit 5 5 2 3 5
Ability to be modified/modifications made 4 7 2 5 4
Effectiveness or benefit 4 5 3 4 2
Ability to maintain fidelity/integrity 2 0 0 1 1
Context 14 13 7 10 10
Climate 0 2 1 0 1
Culture 2 1 2 1 0
Leadership 5 12 3 8 6
Setting characteristics (structure; policies) 11 2 4 4 5
System/policy change 2 5 3 3 1
Capacity 15 23 11 14 12
Champions (internal or external) 5 6 4 3 4
Funding 5 8 3 8 2
Workforce (staffing, attributes) 10 12 4 10 7
Resources 2 7 4 3 3
Community/stakeholder support/involvement 6 10 5 9 2
Processes and interactions 8 27 10 16 8
Engagement/relationship building 2 7 0 7 2
Shared decision making among stakeholders 3 2 2 2 1
Adaptation/alignment 2 5 2 5 0
Integration of rules/policies 3 10 4 6 2
Evaluation and feedback 2 6 1 4 2
Training and education 4 8 3 3 5
Collaboration/partnership 1 11 3 7 2
Navigating competing demands 0 4 1 2 1
Ongoing support 4 11 4 4 6
Planning 0 1 0 1 0