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Table 1 Definitions of sustainability in reviewed studies

From: The sustainability of new programs and innovations: a review of the empirical literature and recommendations for future research

Focused on sustainability N
   Yes 102
   No 23
Defined sustainability N
   Yes 36
   No 80
   Cited multiple definitions; didn't specify an operational definition 9
Term used a:  
   Sustainability 77
   Long-term/follow-up implementation 12
   Institutionalization 6
   Durability 3
   Discontinuation 1
   De-adoption 1
   Maintenance 1
   Sustained/continued implementation 1
   Routinization 0
Definition cited N
   Other [9, 32, 4656]b 12
   Created definitions 8
   Scheirer [25] 6
   Shediac-Rizkallah and Bone [5] 4
   Glasgow et al. [24] 2
   Pluye et al. [57] 2
   Goodman and Steckler [58] 2
  1. aSome studies (e.g., follow-up studies from clinical trials) did not refer to sustainability or a related term; bEach cited in one paper.