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Table 1 Variables and questionnaires used in the study

From: The role of organizational context and individual nurse characteristics in explaining variation in use of information technologies in evidence based practice

Concept Sample item Response format Cronbach’s Alpha
Dependent Variables
Frequency of PDA/ Tablet PC Use “How often did you use a PDA or Tablet PC as part of the PDA Initiative?” “0=never”,“1=almost never”,“2=every few days”,“3=daily”,“4=more than once a day” Single item
Frequency of use of RNAO BPGs “For each information resource, please indicate how frequently you accessed it during a typical week.” “0=never”,“1=almost never”,“2=every few days”,“3=daily”,“4=more than once a day” Single item
Frequency of use of Nursing PLUS “For each information resource, please indicate how frequently you accessed it during a typical week.” “0=never”,“1=almost never”,“2=every few days”,“3=daily”,“4=more than once a day” Single item
Frequency of use of Lexi or PEPID drug and medical reference guide “For each information resource, please indicate how frequently you accessed it during a typical week.” “0=never”,“1=almost never”,“2=every few days”,“3=daily”,“4=more than once a day” Single item
Independent Variables
Organizational Context
Alberta Context Tool (Estabrooks, 2009)
Leadership (6 items) “Focuses on successes rather than failures.” “1=strongly disagree”, “2=disagree”,“3=neither agree or disagree”, “4=agree”,“5=strong agree”. 0.91
Culture (6 items) “I receive recognition from others about my work.” “1=strongly disagree”, “2=disagree”,“3=neither agree or disagree”, “4=agree”,“5=strong agree”. 0.79
Feedback processes/evaluation (6 items) “Our team routinely monitors our performance with respect to the action plans.” “1=strongly disagree”,“2=disagree”,“3=neither agree or disagree”, “4=agree”,“5=strong agree”. 0.92
Informal interaction (9 items) “How often did you have a patient care related discussion with other nurses (RNs or RPNs).” “never=0 time”,“rarely=1-5 time”,“occasionally=6-10 time”,“frequently=11-15 times”,“almost always=16 time or more”. NA
Formal interaction (4 items) “In the last typical month, how often did you participate in team meetings.” “never=0 time”,“rarely=1-5 time”,“occasionally=6-10 time”,“frequently=11-15 times”,“almost always=16 time or more”. NA
Social capital (6 items) “People in the group share information with others in the group.” “1=strongly disagree”,“2=disagree”,“3=neither agree or disagree”,“4=agree”,“5=strong agree”. 0.8
Structural and electronic resources (11 items) “In the last typical month, how often did you use a library?” “never=0 time”,“rarely=1-5 time”,“occasionally=6-10 time”,“frequently=11-15 times”,“almost always=16 time or more”. NA
Slack, staffing (3 items) “On my unit we have enough staff to get the necessary w ork done.” “1=strongly disagree”,“2=disagree”,“3=neither agree or disagree”, “4=agree”,“5=strong agree”. 0.88
Slack, space (3 items) “On my unit we have adequate space to provide patient care.” “1=strongly disagree”, “2=disagree”, “3=neither agree or disagree”, “4=agree”, “5=strong agree”. 0.76
Slack, Time “How often do you have time to do something extra for patients?” “1=never”, “2=rarely”,“3=occasionally”,“4=frequently”,“5=almost always”. 0.8
Organizational support (Estabrooks, 1997) “There is support for innovative ideas about patient care.” “1=strongly disagree”,“2=disagree”,“3=neither agree or disagree”,“4=agree”,“5=strong agree”. Single item
Breadth device functions “Did you use the PDA or Tablet for recording vital signs?” 0=No;1=Yes NA
Individual Nurse Characteristic Variables
Attitude toward research (Lacey, 1994) “Research is needed to continually improve clinical practice.” “1=strongly disagree”,“2=disagree”,“3=neither agree or disagree”,“4=agree”,“5=strong agree”. 0.81
Belief willing to implement research (Estabrooks, 1997) “I am willing to implement research when it contradicts something I learned in nursing school.” “1=strongly disagree”,“2=disagree”,“3=neither agree or disagree”,“4=agree”,“5=strong agree”. 0.8
Belief, actually implements research (Estabrooks, 1997) “How often do you actually implement research when it contradicts something you learned in nursing school.” “never=0 time”,“rarely=1-5 time”,“occasionally=6-10 time”,“frequently=11-15 times”,“almost always=16 time or more”. 0.87
Problem-solving (Heppner, 1986) “When I have a problem, I think of as many possible ways to handle it as I can until I can’t come up with any more ideas.” “1=strongly disagree”,“2=disagree”,“3=neither agree or disagree”,“4=agree”,“5=strong agree”. 0.72
Emotional exhaustion (3 items) Maslach Burnout Inventory(Schaufeli, et al., 1986) “I feel burned out from my work.” “0=never”,“1=a few times a year or less”,“2=once a month or less”,“3=a few times a month”, “4=once a week”,“5=a few times a week”, “6=every day”. 0.86
Cynicism (3 items) (Schaufeli, et al., 1986) “I have become more cynical about whether my work contributes to anything.” “0=never”,“1=a few times a year or less”,“2=once a month or less”,“3=a few times a month”, “4=once a week”,“5=a few times a week”, “6=every day”. 0.75
Professional efficacy (3 items) (Schaufeli, et al., 1986) “I feel exhilarated when I accomplish something at work.” “0=never”,“1=a few times a year or less”,“2=once a month or less”,“3=a few times a month”, “4=once a week”,“5=a few times a week”, “6=every day”. 0.76