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Table 1 Proposed criteria for rating dissemination and implementation measures for scientific soundness and practicality

From: Advancing the application, quality and harmonization of implementation science measures

GOLD STANDARD MEASURE RATING CRITERIA - For Primary Research Focus PRACTICAL MEASURE RATING CRITERIA - For Real World Application1
Reliable: Especially test-retest (less emphasis on internal consistency) Feasible* Brief (generally 2 to 5 items or less); easy to administer/score/interpret
Valid: Construct validity, criterion validity, performed well in multiple studies Important to Practitioners and Stakeholders* Relevant to health issues that are prevalent, costly, challenging; helpful for decision makers or practice
Broadly Applicable: Available in English and Spanish, validated in different cultures and contexts; norms available; no large literacy issues Actionable: Based on information, realistic actions can be taken, e.g., immediate discussion, referral to evidence-based on-line or community resources
Sensitive to Change* (if applicable) Longitudinal use, for performance tracking over time User Friendly: Patient interpretability; face valid; meaningful to clinicians, public health officials, and policy makers
Public Health Relevance: Related to Healthy People 2020 goals, key IOM objectives or national priorities Low Cost*: Publicly available or very low cost to use, administer, score, and interpret
  Enhances Patient Engagement: Having this information is likely to further patient engagement
  Do No Harm: Can likely be collected without interfering with relationships, putting respondents at risk, or creating unintended negative consequences
  1. 1 For use in pragmatic studies and real world settings where there are many competing demands, many other measures to assess For pragmatic rating, still consider gold standard criteria, but weight criteria on right most heavily.
  2. NOTE: For both Gold Standard and Practical Measure scales, give criteria with * heaviest weighting in assigning ratings.