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Table 1 Details of recruitment processes and outcomes

From: The ASTUTE Health study protocol: Deliberative stakeholder engagements to inform implementation approaches to healthcare disinvestment

Stakeholder group Sample size Method/s of recruitment Selection and exclusion criteria Demographics
Case study 1: assisted reproductive technologies
Clinicians Recruited: N = 19 Nominations from key representative bodies in the field of reproductive medicine*; purposive sampling of key opinion leaders; snowballing Medically qualified clinicians working in ART and associated fields such as maternal/fetal medicine and neonatology 4 males; 4 females Reproductive medicine: 5/8
  Participated: Round I N = 8 Exclusion criteria:   Other (including obstetrics/gynaecology and neonatology): 3/8
  Participated Round II N = 6   -Participants and/or their partners who had undertaken ART in the 3 years immediately preceding the forum  
    -Participants currently undertaking ART treatment or planning to undertake ART in the foreseeable future  
Consumers Recruited: N = 32 Purposive recruitment seeking participants with a broad range of ART experiences - advertisement seeking participants placed in The Advertiser (Adelaide’s daily newspaper). Detailed topic and exclusion criteria -Females 18 years and older who had undertaken ART treatment, regardless of infertility aetiology 1 male; 8 females
  Participated: Round I N = 9   -Up to 3 males, partners of women who had undertaken ART  
  Participated: Round II N = 7   Exclusion criteria:  
  Reason for exclusion:   -Participants and/or their partners who had undertaken ART in the 3 years immediately preceding the forum  
  Withdrew interest: 2    
  Unable to contact further: 4    
  Unable to attend:1   -Participants currently undertaking ART treatment or planning to undertake ART in the foreseeable future  
  Related to other participant: 1    
  ART undertaken <3 years prior: 12   -An inability to speak and read English  
  Currently undergoing ART: 1   -Pregnant women  
Community Recruited: N = 25 Random sample of SA population, identified and contacted by independent recruitment company 18 years or older; matched against predetermined stratification criteria for broadly proportional representation of the Australian population§ 7 males; 7 females
    Exclusion criteria: Age:
  Participated: Round I N = 14 6 participants had previously participated in a separate citizens’ jury -Participants currently undergoing ART or who had undergone ART 18-30: 4/14
  Participated: Round II N = 10   -Participants planning to undertake ART in the foreseeable future 31-40: 1/14
  Reasons for exclusion:   -An inability to speak and read English 41-50: 3/14
  Withdrew interest: 5    51+: 6/14
  Missed recruitment deadline: 5   -Pregnant women Post-tax income:
     <AU$800/week: 7/14
  Did not meet inclusion criteria: 1    >AU$800/week: 7/14
Case study 2: B12 and folate pathology tests
Clinicians: General Practitioners Recruited: N = 26 Letters of invitation sent to all GPs from 4 South Australian Divisions of General Practice (Adelaide Hills; Adelaide Western; Adelaide Northern’ Yorke Peninsula); respondents selected on ‘first-come’ basis with 2 places reserved for GPs from regional areas Registered GP working part-time or full-time in active practice in South Australia 9 males; 5 females
  Participated: N = 14    
  Reasons for exclusion: Withdrew interest: 4    
  Quota filled: 8    
Clinicians: Specialists Recruited: N = 7 Purposive sampling with key practitioners sent letter of invitation; snowballing. Participants must be registered specialist practitioners (including, but not limited to: geriatricians, physicians, endocrinologists and haematologists) working full-time or part-time in active practice in South Australia 4 males; 2 females
     Speciality:
  Participated: N = 6    General physician: 3/6
  Reasons for exclusion: Withdrew interest: 1    Endocrinologist:1/6
     Haematologist: 2/6
Pathology providers Recruited: N = 9 Nominations from national public and private pathology interest groupsǁ; purposive sampling of key opinion leaders; snowballing Participants must be working full-time or part-time in administrative, management or laboratory roles in private or public pathology providers in Australia 5 males; 3 females
  Participated: N = 9    Role and practice:
     Public pathology: 2/8
     Private pathology: 5/8
     Management: 1/8
Community Recruited: N = 16 Random sample of SA population, identified and contacted by independent recruitment company 18 years or older; matched against predetermined stratification criteria for broadly proportional representation of the Australian population§ 5 males; 6 females
     Age:
  Participated: N = 11    18-30: 3/11
  Reasons for exclusion: Withdrew interest: 5    31-40: 2/11
     41-50: 3/11
     51+: 3/11
     Post-tax income:
     <AU$800/week: 5/11
     >AU$800/week: 6/11
  1. NOTES: ART assisted reproductive technologies; GP general practitioner; SA South Australia.
  2. *including the Australian Medical Association; Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists; Royal Australian College of Physicians; Royal Australian College of General Practitioners; Fertility Society of Australia.
  3. Many of the reproductive medicine specialists held dual qualifications/clinical roles in gynaecology.
  4. Copy available from the authors on request.
  5. §Stratification criteria based on national Australian Bureau of Statistics data and included: gender (50:50 male:female ratio); age (equal representation from 4 age groups: 18–30; 31–40; 41–50; 51+); and household disposable income (post-tax) (50:50 household income <:>$800.00 per week).
  6. ǁ including National Coalition of Public Pathology, Australian Association of Pathology Practices; Australasian Association of Clinical Biochemists; Healthscope; Sonic; and Primary Health.