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Table 5 Level three self-report research utilization measures (one validity source), n = 26 measures

From: A systematic review of the psychometric properties of self-report research utilization measures used in healthcare

Class Citation Participants/Setting/Country Validity
    Content Response processes Internal structure Relations
Research Utilization Questionnaire [55] Nurses/Hospitals/USA   
  [118, 119] Multiple Staff/Long-Term Care/Sweden    
  [120] Nurses/Long-Term Care/Sweden    
  [71] Multiple Staff/Variety/USA    
  [72] Nurses/Hospitals/Canada    
  [121] Nurses/Hospitals/UK    
  [122] Nurses/Hospitals/UK     
  [75] Nurses/Hospitals/UK    
  [79, 123] Nurses/Hospitals/USA    
  [81] Nurses/Variety/USA    
  [82] Allied/Variety/Sweden    
  [85] Nurses/Hospitals/USA   
  [124] Nurses/Hospitals/Canada    
  [89] Nurses/Variety/Sweden     
Edmonton Research Orientation Survey [125] Allied/Hospitals/Canada    
  [126] Nurses/Variety/Australia   
  [127] Multiple Staff/Hospitals/Australia     
  [77, 78] Nurses/Hospitals/Canada    
  [76] Allied/Hospitals/Canada     
  [37] Allied/Variety/Canada    
  [128] Allied/Variety/Canada     
Other General Research Utilization Indices* [73] Allied/Variety/Sweden    
  [103] Allied/Variety/USA    
  [84] Nurses/Hospitals/USA    
Other Specific Practices Indices* [129] Allied/Variety/USA    
Past, Present, Future Use [130] Nurses/Variety/USA    NA
  [65] Nurses/Hospitals/Canada    NA
  [90] Nurses/Hospitals/USA    NA
Other Single Items* [23] Leaders/Community/Canada   NA  
  [137] Physicians/Variety/Australia   NA  
  [138] Allied/Variety/USA   NA  
  [140] Nurses/Flight Team/USA    NA
  [28] Allied/Variety/USA    NA
  [141] Nurses/Variety/USA   NA  
  [22] Leaders/Variety/USA   NA  
  [142] Allied/Community/USA   NA  
  [25] Allied/Hospitals/Europe   NA  
  [143] Multiple Staff/Variety/USA    NA
  [145] Physicians/Hospitals/Denmark    NA
  [37] Allied/Variety/Canada   NA  
  [54] Nurses/Hospitals/USA   NA  
  [87] Allied/Variety/USA   NA  
  [146] Allied/Variety/UK   NA  
  [58] Nurses/Hospitals/Taiwan   NA  
  [147] Nurses/Variety/UK   NA  
  [148] Physicians/Variety/USA   NA  
  [149] Nurses/Variety/Australia   NA  
  1. * = each study represents a unique measure