Skip to main content

Table 4 Level two self-report research utilization measures (two validity sources), n = 16 measures

From: A systematic review of the psychometric properties of self-report research utilization measures used in healthcare

Class Citation Participants/Setting/Country Validity
    Content Response processes Internal structure Relations
Nurses Practice Questionnaire [33, 34] Nurses/Hospitals/USA   
  [59] Nurses/Education/USA    
  [32] Nurses/Variety/Sweden   
  [60] Nurses/Hospitals/USA   
  [61] Nurses/Hospitals/USA   
  [30, 31] Nurses/Hospitals/UK  
  [62] Nurses/Variety/USA   
  [63] Nurses/Hospitals/Canada   
  [35] Nurses/Hospitals/USA    
Knott and Wildvasky [20] Leaders/Variety/Canada   
Other General Research Utilization Indices* [101] Nurses/Hospitals/USA   
  [102] Allied/Community/USA   
  [105] Allied/Variety/Sweden   
  [104] Allied/Not Reported/USA   
Other Specific Practices Indices* [21] Leaders/Community/USA   
  [17, 18] Multiple Staff/Hospitals/Africa   
Estabrooks' Kinds of Research Use [3, 68] Nurses/Variety/Canada NA
  [74] Nurses/Hospitals/USA    NA
  [69] Nurses/Hospitals/USA, Canada    NA
  [26, 70] Nurses/Hospitals/Canada   NA  
  [66] Allied/Variety/Canada   NA  
  [67] Nurses/Long-term Care/USA   NA
  [80] Nurses/Variety/Canada    NA
  [86] Nurse Educators/Variety/Canada    NA  
Parahoo [53, 131134] Nurses/Hospitals/UK NA  
  [135] Nurses/Hospitals/Iran    NA  
  [136] Nurses/Variety/UK NA  
Other Single Items* [139] Allied/Variety/UK   NA
  [144] Nurses/Hospitals/Nigeria   NA
  [83] Nurses/Variety/USA NA  
  [27] Nurses/Hospitals/Canada   NA
  [88] Nurses/Hospitals/USA NA  
  [57] Nurses/Hospitals/Taiwan NA  
  1. * = each study represents a unique measure