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Table 1 Selected examples of evidence-based treatments for substance use problems

From: Use of the evidence base in substance abuse treatment programs for American Indians and Alaska natives: pursuing quality in the crucible of practice and policy

Evidence-based treatment Brief description and citation
Psychosocial Treatments - Behavioral
• Contingency
Provide positive reinforcement (i.e., rewards) for progress
in treatment (most typically abstinence from substance
use) [66].
Psychosocial Treatments - Cognitive Behavioral
• Motivational
enhancement therapy
Focuses on facilitating behavioral change by helping
individuals to explore and resolve ambivalence towards
treatment and become committed to addressing their
substance use problems [67].
• Behavioral couples
Focuses on building an abstinence-supporting relationship
between the person who is abusing substances and his or
her partner [68].
• Relapse prevention
Teaches individuals with substance addiction a number of
specific skills to reduce the risk of relapse [69].
Pharmacologic Treatments
• Medication for relapse
The use of medications to help prevent relapse of
substance use problems, such as naltrexone, methadone,
and buprenorphine [71].