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Table 2 Links between the components of the 'COM-B' model of behaviour and the intervention functions

From: The behaviour change wheel: A new method for characterising and designing behaviour change interventions

Model of behaviour: sources Educa-tion Persua-sion Incentiv-isation Coercion Training Restric-tion Environ-mental restructuring Model-ling Enable-ment
C-Ph        
C-Ps       
M-Re      
M-Au    
O-Ph       
O-So       
  1. 1. Physical capability can be achieved through physical skill development which is the focus of training or potentially through enabling interventions such as medication, surgery or prostheses
  2. 2. Psychological capability can be achieved through imparting knowledge or understanding, training emotional, cognitive and/or behavioural skills or through enabling interventions such as medication
  3. 3. Reflective motivation can be achieved through increasing knowledge and understanding, eliciting positive (or negative) feelings about behavioural target
  4. 4. Automatic motivation can be achieved through associative learning that elicit positive (or negative) feelings and impulses and counter-impulses relating to the behavioural target, imitative learning, habit formation or direct influences on automatic motivational processes (e.g., via medication)
  5. 5. Physical and social opportunity can be achieved through environmental change