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Table 3 Results (Means and ANOVA) for Kinjerski 2008

From: The effectiveness of strategies to change organisational culture to improve healthcare performance: a systematic review

   Comparison1 Intervention1 ARD Main Effect Interaction
Outcomes Instruments Pretest Posttest Pretest Posttest   Group Time Group by Time
Work-related outcomes
Spirit at work The Spirit at Work Scale
18 items
(1 → 6)
85.6 84.5 81.2 90.5 10.4 F < 1 F(1.49) = 8.62** F(1.49) = 13.88***
Job satisfaction The Job Satisfaction Scale
14 items
(1 → 7)
81 77.8 69.7 76.4 9.9 F(1.40) = 4.94* F < 1 F(1.40) = 7.25**
Organisational commitment The Organisational Commitment Scale
15 items
(1 → 7)
49.3 48.3 45.2 51.1 6.9 F < 1 F(1.50) = 4.20* F(1.50) = 8.27**
Organisational culture The Organisational Culture Survey
31 items, 6 areas
(1 → 5)
116.8 116.7 101.7 115.3 13.7 F(1.42) = 4.24* F(1.42) = 7.20* F(1.42) = 7.56**
Team work The Organisational Culture Survey
(1 → 5)
20.8 20.8 17.5 21.5 4 F(1.49) = 2.22 F(1.49) = 9.76** F(1.49) = 10.49**
Morale/climate The Organisational Culture Survey
(1 → 5)
18.8 19.2 16.8 19.7 3.6 F < 1 F(1.49) = 10.52** F(1.49) = 5.88*
Personal outcomes
Vitality The Vitality Scale
7 items
(1 → 7)
37 37 35.8 37.3 1.5 F < 1 F(1.50) = 1.06 F < 1
Life satisfaction Satisfaction with Life Scale
5 items
(1 → 7)
26.5 28.1 27 29.8 1.2 F < 1 F(1.49) = 10.25** F < 1
Orientation to life Sense of Coherence Scale
13 items
(1 → 7)
67.3 68.8 62.8 66.8 2.5 F(1.48) = 1.56 F(1.48) = 4.28* F < 1
  1. 1 Mean scores: higher score = better outcomes
  2. *p < 0.05; *p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001