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Table 3 Perceived feasibility of possible policy measures addressing environmental determinants of physical activity among children

From: Feasibility of multi-sector policy measures that create activity-friendly environments for children: results of a Delphi study

Policy measures developed in the first Delphi round Type of policy measure Perceived overall feasibility (weighted median score)a Consensus (SD) Range
Municipality A: social cohesion
1. Multi-use of school yards b Juridical/environmental 5.08 0.75 4.00-6.37
2. Subsidy for citizens' initiatives to increase social cohesionb Economic 5.05 0.80 3.10-6.30
3. Democratic decision process when implementing new neighborhood facilities Juridical 4.65 0.65 4.00-6.30
4. Stimulate/oblige parents to choose primary school within own neighborhoodb Communicative/juridical 4.30 1.26 1.00-5.47
5. Spatial planning that enhances daily encountersb Environmental 4.10 0.95 2.90-6.20
Municipality A: accessibility of facilities
6. Attractive (walking) routes for children b Environmental 5.19 0.83 3.60-7.00
7. Informal play facilities (fallow lands, sand hills) Juridical/environmental 5.01 0.81 3.80-6.50
8. Multi-use of vacant parking placesb Juridical/environmental 4.58 0.80 3.00-5.30
9. Outdoor exercise facilities for adults (role models) Environmental 4.50 0.74 3.00-5.50
10. Increase economic accessibility of sport facilities Economic 4.10 0.65 3.50-5.70
Municipality A: traffic safety
11. Local Safety Label for primary schools Communicative 5.25 1.02 3.70-6.70
12. Fencing off streets for outdoor play Juridical/environmental 5.25 1.41 2.00-6.04
13. Enhance responsibility of school boards and parents for traffic safety b Communicative 5.20 0.73 3.60-6.00
14. Car-free/low-traffic school zones during peak hoursc Juridical/environmental 4.43 0.70 3.20-5.15
Municipality B: social cohesion
15. Use major changes in neighborhoods to increase social cohesion Communicative 5.43 0.90 3.00-6.20
16. Stimulate initiatives of citizens to increase social cohesionb Economic/communicative 5.22 1.03 2.80-6.80
17. Multi-use of school yardsb Juridical/environmental 5.05 1.51 1.30-7.00
18. Increase social cohesion by business licensing requirements Juridical 4.61 0.70 3.80-6.10
Municipality B: accessibility of facilities
19. Attractive (walking) routes for childrenb Environmental 5.51 1.09 2.80-7.00
20. Multi-use of vacant parking placesb Juridical/environmental 4.48 0.64 3.90-5.63
21. Dispersal of play facilities over the neighborhood Environmental 3.83 0.74 2.90-5.50
22. Car free neighborhoods Environmental 3.35 1.11 2.30-5.80
Municipality B: traffic safety
23. Supervised active commuting to school Communicative 5.68 0.99 3.90-6.85
24. Increase awareness for active commuting to school Communicative 4.90 1.04 2.80-6.35
25. School zones that discourage carsc Juridical/environmental 4.40 0.85 2.70-5.60
26. Infrastructural facilities that help children reach popular destinations Environmental 4.20 0.81 2.70-4.95
Municipality C: social cohesion
27. Fencing off streets for outdoor play b Juridical/environmental 5.05 0.83 4.05-6.53
28. Maintain play function of play facilities for children Juridical 4.55 0.40 4.00-5.10
29. Stimulate/oblige parents to choose primary school within own neighborhood b Communicative/juridical 3.70 0.54 3.15-4.50
30. Improve neighborhood's population composition Juridical/economical 2.85 1.55 1.75-6.00
Municipality C: accessibility of facilities
31. Parking policies that stimulate active transportation Environmental 4.90 0.64 4.00-5.80
32. Attract facilities in the neighborhood by adjusting the municipal zoning plan Juridical 4.90 0.44 4.20-5.45
33. Physical education facilities in the direct surroundings of the school Environmental 3.80 0.35 3.60-4.55
34. Dependences of well-known (professional) sport clubs in the neighborhood Environmental 3.00 0.76 2.60-4.75
Municipality C: traffic safety
35. Communication around active commuting Communicative 5.60 0.46 5.20-6.65
36. Traffic education for children at primary schools Communicative 5.40 0.69 4.40-6.45
37. Attractive routes for recreation (bicycling, skating) Environmental 4.30 0.57 3.80-5.20
38. Improve public transportation supply Environmental 3.85 0.89 2.80-5.55
Municipality D: social cohesion
39. Assign a part of the neighborhood maintenance budget to citizens Economic 5.50 0.76 4.00-6.06
40. Organizing agreements with local actors about neighborhood activities Juridical/communicative 5.40 0.48 4.75-6.20
41. Assign part of the budget for neighborhood activities to local actors Economic 5.30 0.59 4.10-5.70
42. Neighborhood agreements that increases the feeling of social safety Juridical/communicative 5.15 0.68 4.80-6.50
43. Spatial planning that enhances daily encounters b Environmental 5.10 0.53 4.40-5.90
Municipality D: accessibility of facilities
44. Safety Impact Assessment for all sport facilities Juridical/communicative 5.80 0.91 4.30-6.80
45. Physical infrastructure to increase the accessibility of sport facilities Environmental 5.40 1.15 2.57-5.75
46. Spatial planning that fits the needs of different target groups (youth, elderly) Environmental 4.90 0.74 3.50-5.70
47. Location of sport facilities (easily accessible from the neighborhood) Environmental/juridical 4.45 0.69 3.80-5.70
Municipality D: traffic safety
48. Provide users of facilities with information to enhance traffic safety b Communicative 5.75 0.27 5.40-6.10
49. Couple maximum traffic speeds to standard street types Juridical 5.45 0.51 4.40-5.90
50. Car-free/low-traffic school zonesc Juridical/environmental 4.50 0.57 3.45-5.30
51. Deregulation of traffic situations Juridical/environmental 4.30 0.52 3.90-5.37
  1. a Within each municipality and within each determinant, policy measures are sorted descending on weighted overall feasibility score during the third Delphi round. Consistently feasible policy measures are represented in bold font, consistently less feasible policy measures are represented in italic font.
  2. b Policy measures that were put forward in two municipalities.
  3. c Policy measures that were put forward in three municipalities.