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Table 2 TCT responsiveness and temporal stability*

From: Validity and usefulness of members reports of implementation progress in a quality improvement initiative: findings from the Team Check-up Tool (TCT)

Change in TCT items and sum scores High Activity (Change) Period Low Activity (Stable) Period
Number of CUSP activities** (Range: 0 to 6) 0.88 (p < 0.01) Monthly, 1 st quarter -0.08 (p = 0.70) Monthly, 3 rd quarter
Number of Educational activities** (Range 0 to 6) 0.57 (p = 0.06) Monthly, 1 st quarter -0.28 (p = 0.15) Monthly, 3 rd quarter
Number of Infection Prevention Behaviors** (Range: 0 to 5) 0.52 (p = 0.02) Quarterly, 1 st and 2 nd 0.01 (p = 0.92) Quarterly, 3 rd and 4 th
Appropriate hand hygiene (Range: 1 to 4) 0.11 (p = 0.08) -0.01 (p = 0.93)
Chlorhexidine skin preparation (Range: 1 to 4) 0.15 (p = 0.34) -0.02 (p = 0.83)
Full-barrier precautions during line insertion (Range: 1 to 4) 0.22 (p = 0.04) 0.06 (p = 0.44)
Subclavian vein placement (Range: 1 to 4) 0.13 (p = 0.14) 0.04 (p = 0.73)
Removing unnecessary lines (Range: 1 to 4) 0.20 (p = 0.04) 0.03 (p = 0.73)
Number of Team Progress Barriers** (Range: 0 to 13) -0.62 (p = 0.18) Quarterly, 1 st and 2 nd -0.36 (p = 0.33) Quarterly, 3 rd and 4 th
Insufficient knowledge -0.21 (p = 0.15) -0.03 (p = 0.52)
Lack of team consensus -0.28 (p = 0.15) -0.25 (p = 0.13)
Not enough time -0.17 (p = 0.40) -0.01 (p = 0.94)
Lack of quality improvement skills -0.32 (p = 0.11) -0.11 (p = 0.16)
Not enough buy-in from other staff -0.39 (p = 0.03) -0.07 (p = 0.51)
Not enough buy-in from other physician staff -0.35 (p = 0.02) -0.06 (p = 0.78)
Not enough buy-in from other nursing staff -0.33 (p = 0.11) -0.04 (p = 0.63)
Burden of data collection -0.29 (p = 0.22) -0.11 (p = 0.36)
Not enough leadership support from executives -0.15 (p = 0.23) 0.13 (p = 0.43)
Not enough leadership support from physicians -0.21 (p = 0.17) 0.01 (p = 0.96)
Not enough leadership support from nurses -0.27 (p = 0.01) -0.01 (p = 0.94)
Insufficient autonomy/authority -0.23 (p = 0.03) -0.20 (p = 0.24)
Inability of team to work together -0.04 (p = 0.47) -0.04 (p = 0.60)
  1. *Thirty-nine ICUs were included in the analysis (these 39 ICUs did not significantly differ from the seven ICUs excluded from the analyses in # beds, # MD intensivists, # nurses, type of ICUs, geographic region, nor time to first month of zero infections); Please refer to the Additional file 1, Table S1 for specific wording and response categories of each item: CUSP (item #1); educational activities (item #2); prevention behaviors (item #3a-e); barriers to team progress (item #15a to 15 m, 15 m1 to 15m5).