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Table 3 Intervention components and incentive payouts

From: Design, rationale, and baseline characteristics of a cluster randomized controlled trial of pay for performance for hypertension treatment: study protocol

  Intervention components Participants    Total estimated* incentive over entire study period
Study Arm Audit/
feedback
report
Individual
physician
incentive
Group
incentive
Physicians Non-
physicians
Performance evaluated Per outcome per patient incentive award Individual Physician Group†
Physician incentive    Physician $9.10 $2681 N/A
Group incentive   Physician $9.10 N/A $17206
Physician and group
incentives
Physician $9.10 $2696 $18872
No incentives (control)     Physician $9.10 N/A N/A
  1. *Estimates based on outcome rates from pilot study and projected improvement rates per period as follows: individual arm - 0.05 for process measures (guideline-recommendation medication and appropriate response) and 0.03 for blood pressure control; group arm - 0.02 for process measures and 0.01 for blood pressure control; combined arm - 0.06 for process measures and 0.04 for blood pressure control.
  2. †For a group that includes seven physicians. Group incentive award determined by summing the incentive amounts earned by all seven physicians in the group.