|Intervention||Systematic review intervention definition|
Printed letter or postcard or telephone communications that were client-tailored or untailored interventions and reminder or recall notifications.|
Could include one or more of follow-up printed or telephone reminder; additional text or discussion with information about barriers to screening; or appointment scheduling assistance.
|Client Incentives||Small, non-coercive rewards (cash or coupons) motivating people to obtain screening for selves or others.|
Community or larger-scale intervention campaigns, including television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and billboards.|
Interventions usually linked to other ongoing interventions.
|Small Media||Included videos or tailored or untailored printed materials, such as letters, brochures, pamphlets, flyers, or newsletters distributed by healthcare systems or community groups.|
|Group Education||Conducted by a variety of healthcare educators through a variety of formats, for a variety of groups, and in a variety of settings.|
|One-on-One Education||In-person or telephone, tailored or untailored communication delivered by healthcare professionals, lay health advisors, or volunteers in a variety of settings.|
|Reducing Structural Barriers||Interventions that facilitate removal of non-economic barriers to accessing screening, for example by: reducing time or distance between screening location and target group; modifying hours of service; offering services in alternative settings (mammography vans); and eliminating/simplifying administrative process or other obstacles (e.g., scheduling, transportation, translation services). Could be combined with one or more secondary interventions: print/telephone reminders, cancer screening education, screening availability information.|
|Reducing Out-of-Pocket Costs to Clients||Removal or decreasing of economic barriers restricting access to screening (e.g., subsidizing screening through use of vouchers, reducing co-payments or other up-front client-borne expenses, reimbursing clients or clinics after services have been rendered, or adjusting the cost of federal or state insurance coverage. Could be combined with secondary supporting measures: cancer screening education, availability information, structural barrier reduction (e.g., assisting with language and cultural barriers; streamlining appointment scheduling).|
|Provider Assessment and Feedback||
Involved evaluation of provider performance in delivering or offering screening to clients (assessment) and presenting providers with information about their performance in providing screening services (feedback).|
Could involve either group or individual practices, with possible comparison to goal or standard.
|Provider Incentives||Direct or indirect rewards (monetary or non-monetary) that motivate providers to perform or make appropriate referral for cancer screening services. Assessment component, with or without feedback, might be included in intervention.|