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Table 5 Psychosocial and Behavioral Characteristics of Participants at Baseline

From: The counseling african americans to control hypertension (caatch) trial: baseline demographic, clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics

Characteristic Total
(n = 1,039)
Intervention Group
(n = 529)
Usual Care
Group
(n = 510)
p
Medication Non-adherence (%; n = 961) 55.7 48.7 63.1 < 0.01**
Medication Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale (MASES; mean ± sd; n = 787) 2.2 ± 0.6 2.3 ± 0.6 2.2 ± 0.6 0.02*
Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM; mean ± sd; %; n = 889) 56.9 ± 13.2 57.3 ± 12.8 56.4 ± 13.6 0.28
   3rd Grade (0 to 18) 3.5 3.0 4.0 0.04*
   4th to 6th Grade (19 to 44) 8.8 9.9 7.5  
   7th to 8th Grade (45 to 60) 30.1 26.3 34.4  
   9th Grade and Greater (61 to 66) 57.6 60.8 54.1  
Rapid Eating Assessment for Patients
(REAP; mean ± sd; n = 930)
1.8 ± 0.8 1.7 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.8 < 0.01**
Paffenbarger Physical Activity Scale (mean ± sd; %; n = 951) 835.3 Kcal ± 833 Kcal ± 837.8 Kcal ± 0.97
  1,644.2 Kcal 1,856.8 Kcal 1,388.9 Kcal 0.87
   Sedentary (< 500 Kcal/week) 54.1 54.3 53.8  
   Insufficiently Active (500 to 999 Kcal/week) 25.1 24.4 25.8  
   Regularly Active (≥ 1,000 Kcal/week) 20.8 21.3 20.4  
Epworth Sleepiness Scale (mean ± sd; %; n = 949) 7.0 ± 4.7 6.9 ± 4.8 7.2 ± 4.6 0.46
   Normal (≥ 10) 79.1 80.2 78.0 0.40
   Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (> 10) 20.9 19.8 22.0  
Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (mean ± sd; %; n = 850) 4.9 ± 4.7 4.5 ± 4.6 5.4 ± 4.7 < 0.01**
   Minimal (0 to 4) 56.2 59.4 52.8 0.28
   Mild (5 to 9) 28.1 26.3 30.1  
   Moderate (10 to 14) 10.9 10.4 11.5  
   Moderately Severe (15 to 19) 4.1 3.2 5.1  
   Severe (20 to 27) 0.6 0.7 0.5  
SF-12 (mean ± sd; n = 939)     
   PCS-12 42.3 ± 10.4 43.0 ± 9.8 41.6 ± 10.9 0.04*
   MCS-12 48.0 ± 11.2 48.7 ± 10.8 47.1 ± 11.6 0.03*
  1. Note. Data gathered through interview. PCS-12 = Physical Component Summary; MCS-12 = Mental Component Summary. *p < .05; **p < 0.01