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Table 3 Clinical Characteristics of Participants at Baseline

From: The counseling african americans to control hypertension (caatch) trial: baseline demographic, clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics

Characteristic Total
(n = 1,039)
Intervention Group
(n = 529)
Usual Care Group
(n = 510)
p
Baseline BP^ (mean ± sd; n = 1,039)     
   SBP 150.7 ± 16.7 149.3 ± 16.5 152.1 ± 16.8 < 0.01**
   DBP 91.0 ± 10.6 90.8 ± 10.7 91.2 ± 10.5 0.54
Resistant Hypertension† (%; n = 912) 25.6 27.8 23.6 0.15
Smoking Status† (%; n = 939)     
   Current 29.8 32.0 27.5 0.08
   Former 20.9 22.3 19.4  
   Never 49.3 45.8 53.1  
Body Mass Index† (%; n = 647)     
   Mean (SD), kg/m2 32.5 (7.9) 32.6 (7.6) 32.4 (8.4) 0.77
   Overweight 26.3 28.3 23.2 0.15
   Obese 59.7 59.9 59.3  
Number of Co-morbid Conditions‡ (%; n = 929)     
   0 20.3 18.3 22.3 0.03*
   1 24.6 28.1 20.9  
   2 to 3 35.6 36.2 35.0  
   > 3 19.5 17.3 21.8  
Comorbid Conditions‡ (%; n = 964)     
   Charlson Score (mean ± sd; n = 965) 2.5 ± 2.5 2.4 ± 2.5 2.5 ± 2.5 0.70
   Chronic Kidney Disease 2.5 2.4 2.6 0.87
   Myocardial Infarction 7.4 6.9 7.9 0.53
   Congestive Heart Failure 10.4 7.5 13.5 < 0.01**
   Stroke 10.9 9.9 12.0 0.30
   Diabetes Mellitus 35.8 37.2 34.3 0.35
  1. Note. Data gathered through: ^direct observation, †chart review, ‡interview. BP = Blood Pressure; HTN = Hypertension. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01