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Table 2 Summary of findings for studies reporting kinds of research utilization (n = 6 articles)

From: Individual determinants of research utilization by nurses: a systematic review update

Individual Determinant First Author Significance* (Direction and magnitude)
   Instrumental Research Utilization Conceptual Research Utilization Persuasive Research Utilization Overall Research Utilization
1. BELIEFS AND ATTITUDES
  Connor [66] NS NS NS S + (β = 0.234)
Attitude toward research Estabrooks [32] Canadian - S + (OR = 1.17) US Military - NS Not assessed Not assessed Canadian - S + (OR = 1.21) US Military - S + (OR = 1.16)
  Kenny [63] S + (β not reported) NS NS NS
  Milner [67] S + (β = 0.120) NS S + (β = 0.075) S + (β = 0.098)
Importance of access to research Kenny [63] NS NS S + (β not reported) NS
Cosmopoliteness Milner [67] NS NS NS NS
Localite (orientation within one's immediate social context) Milner [67] NS S + (β = 0.031) NS NS
Interest or organizational groups belonged to Kenny [63] NS NS NS S + (β not reported)
Adoptiveness Milner [67] NS NS NS NS
Belief suspension Estabrooks [32] Canadian - NS US Military - S + (OR = 1.11) Not assessed Not assessed Canadian - S + (OR = 1.07) US Military - S + (OR = 1.08)
  Kenny [63] S + (β not reported) NS NS NS
  Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
Trust Estabrooks [32] NS Not assessed Not assessed Canadian - NS US Military - S + (OR = 1.12)
  Kenny [63] NS NS S + (β not reported) NS
Research awareness Milner [67] S + (β = 0.037) NS S + (β = 0.076) S + (β = 0.063)
Importance of various factors to decision-making Kenny [63] NS S + (β not reported) S + (β not reported) NS
2. INVOLVEMENT IN RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
Research involvement Milner [67] S + (β = 0.142) NS S + (β = 0.170) S + (β = 0.176)
3. INFORMATION SEEKING
Number of nursing journals read Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
  Kenny [63] NS NS NS NS
Sources of knowledge Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
  Estabrooks [32] NS Not assessed Not assessed NS
  Kenny [63] NS NS NS NS
Mass media Milner [67] NS NS S + (β = 0.194) NS
Number of journals read Kenny [63] S + (β not reported) NS NS NS
Number of continuing education sessions Connor [66] NS S + (β not reported) S + (β not reported) S + (β not reported)
In-services attended Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
  Estabrooks [32] NS Not Assessed Not Assessed Canadian - S + (OR = 1.03) US Military - NS
4. EDUCATION
Increasing levels Kenny [63] NS NS NS NS
  Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
Type of degree Estabrooks [32] NS Not Assessed Not Assessed NS
Possessing a degree Milner [67] NS NS NS NS
5. PROFESSIONAL CHARACTERISTICS
Years employed as an RN Estabrooks [32] Canadian - NS US military - S + (OR = 0.97) Not Assessed Not Assessed NS
  Kenny [63] NS NS NS NS
Length of time at job title Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
Years in post (hospital) Kenny [63] NS NS NS NS
  Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
Current role Milner [67]1 NS NS NS S - (β = -0.265)
  Milner [67]2 NS S - (β = -0.382) S - (β = -0.345) NS
  Kenny [63] NS NS NS NS
  Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
  Kenny [63] NS NS NS NS
  Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
Number of memberships held Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
6. SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS
Age Milner [67] NS NS NS S - (β = -0.011)
  Profetto-McGrath [64] NS NS NS NS
Gender Connor [66] NS NS NS NS
  Estabrooks [32] NS Not assessed Not Assessed NS
7. CRITICAL THINKING
Critical thinking skills (total CCTDI score) Profetto-McGrath [64] S + (r = .240 S + (r = .27) S + (r = .17) S + (r = .35)
  Profetto-McGrath [65] S + (r = .222) S + (r = .205) S + (r = .237) S + (r = .146)
  1. *Significance: NS = not significant, S = significant at p < 0.05
  2. 1 Managers vs educators
  3. 2 RNs vs educators