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Table 5 Potential differences between type 2 diabetes and CHF with regards to uncertainty, and how they might influence CAS characteristic effectiveness

From: The importance of organizational characteristics for improving outcomes in patients with chronic disease: a systematic review of congestive heart failure

CAS characteristic type 2 diabetes CHF
Learning Treatment is nuanced and complex, making efforts to improve outcomes through learning more difficult. Less uncertainty in treatment guidelines allows more prescriptive, algorithmic approaches to management that may be more easily learned.
Interconnections Greater degree of uncertainty in terms of symptoms and management, leading to greater reliance on interconnections to manage disease. Lesser degree of uncertainty in terms of symptoms and management may lead interventions focused on interconnections less effective.
Self-organization Greater uncertainty in management and symptoms of exacerbation may make efforts to self-organize more difficult. Less uncertainty regarding management and symptoms of exacerbation may make efforts to self-organize more effective.
Co-evolution Course and symptoms evolve over time in unique trajectory. Course and symptoms evolve over time in unique trajectory.