Skip to main content

Table 3 Within-group differences# after three months for people with stroke who received the outdoor journey intervention (Mean/SD) and provided pre-post data (n = 21)

From: Increasing delivery of an outdoor journey intervention to people with stroke: A feasibility study involving five community rehabilitation teams

Measure Pre-test Post-test Diff 95% CI P value
'Are you getting out of the house as often as you want?' (% Yes) 34.8% (n = 8) 57.1% (n = 12) 22.3% NA 0.219
Number of outdoor journeys† per week 28.2 (18.2) 30.4 (14.3) 2.2 -9.6 to 5.3 0.548
NEADL (0-66) 26.9 (12.6) 35.1 (13.5) 7.3 1.2 to 13.5 0.022 *
RNLI (0-22) 13.9 (5.0) 15.8 (3.1) 1.9 -4.2 to 0.4 0.102
LSA (0-120) 36.4 (13.8) 40.7 (15.2) 4.3 -12.9 to 4.4 0.314
FES-I (0-64) 34.8 (13.8) 26.6 (12.1) 8.2 2.0 to 14.4 0.012 *
HADS-A (0-21) 5.7 (4.8) 6.0 (4.5) 0.2 -2.1 to 1.6 0.766
HADS-D (0-21) 5.5 (4.7) 6.6 (3.8) 0.7 -2.2 to 0.7 0.271
Number of outings per week 8.5 (5.0) 8.6 (5.3) 0.1   
Number of days out the house: beyond the front door 5.3 (1.8) 6.2 (0.8) 0.9   
Number of days out the house: beyond the front gate 4.3 (2.1) 4.2 (2.2) -0.1   
  1. #Within-groups differences and confidence intervals calculated using paired t-tests (2-tailed), n = 21. Diff = Difference. 95% CI = 95% confidence interval. * Statistically significant at 0.05.
  2. NEADL = Nottingham Extended ADL index; RNLI = Reintegration to Normal Living Index; FES-1 = Falls Efficacy Scale International; HADS = Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. For all measures except the FES-I and HADS, an increased total score represents improved performance or health.
  3. Outdoor journeys were calculated by adding each 'leg' completed during an outing. For example, a person who walked to the car, travelled in a car to the shops, walked from the car into shops was recorded as having completed three outdoor journeys.