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Table 1 Characteristics of 387 patients presenting with uncontrolled blood pressure, overall and by clinical scenario

From: Multiple uncontrolled conditions and blood pressure medication intensification: an observational study

    Clinical Scenario: Uncontrolled BP AND  
Patient Factors All No diagnosed diabetes or HLD†
(N = 76)
Controlled diabetes and/or HLD
(N = 157)
Either uncontrolled diabetes or HLD
(N = 122)
Both uncontrolled diabetes and HLD
(N = 32)
P
  N % N % N % N % N %  
Age (years)            < 0.001
< 55 92 23.8% 32 42.1% 22 14.0% 31 25.4% 7 21.9%  
55 to 64 136 35.1% 15 19.7% 56 35.7% 50 41.0% 15 46.9%  
65+ 159 41.1% 29 38.2% 79 50.3% 41 33.6% 10 31.2%  
Gender            0.80
Male 373 96.4% 74 97.4% 152 96.8% 117 95.9% 30 93.7%  
Female 14 3.6% 2 2.6% 5 3.2% 5 4.1% 2 6.3%  
Systolic BP (mmHg)            < 0.001
< 140 122 31.5% 12 15.8% 39 24.8% 55 45.1% 16 50.0%  
140 to 159 196 50.6% 52 68.4% 89 56.7% 44 36.1% 11 34.4%  
160+ 69 17.8% 12 15.8% 29 18.5% 23 18.8% 5 15.6%  
Minimally (0 to 9 mmHg) above goal            0.13
Yes 203 52.5% 49 64.5% 78 49.7% 61 50.0% 15 46.9%  
No 184 47.5% 27 35.5% 79 50.3% 61 50.0% 17 53.1%  
Number of medications*            < 0.01
0 122 31.5% 44 36.1% 51 41.8% 23 18.8% 4 3.3%  
1 to 2 114 29.5% 22 19.3% 48 42.1% 37 32.5% 7 6.1%  
3 to 4 97 25.1% 9 9.3% 35 36.1% 39 40.2% 14 14.4%  
5+ 54 13.9% 1 1.8% 23 42.6% 23 42.6% 7 13.0%  
Diabetes            < 0.001
Uncontrolled 98 25.3% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 66 54.1% 32 100.0%  
Controlled** 101 26.1% 0 0.0% 69 43.9% 32 26.2% 0 0.0%  
Not present 188 48.6% 76 100.0% 88 56.1% 24 19.7% 0 0.0%  
HLD†            < 0.001
Uncontrolled 88 22.7% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 56 45.9% 32 100.0%  
Controlled** 196 50.7% 0 0.0% 143 91.1% 53 43.4% 0 0.0%  
Not present 103 26.6% 76 100.0% 14 8.9% 13 10.7% 0 0.0%  
  1. *Medications for hypertension, diabetes, and/or hyperlipidemia prescribed in the 90 days prior to the index visit; **Includes missing laboratory data: 23 A1c data, 41 lipids; †HLD = Hyperlipidemia