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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics for lifeguard variables and their origin (n = 2,704 in 2004 and n = 2,829 in 2005)

From: Individual and setting level predictors of the implementation of a skin cancer prevention program: a multilevel analysis

Variable 2004 2005
  % (n) % (n)
Lifeguard background characteristics   
Female 60.70 (1,640) 59.70 (1,690)
Age (mean (SD)) 18.58 (4.63) 18.50 (4.26)
At least college education 36.40 (984) 38.46 (1,088)
Caucasian 89.70 (2,425) 85.40 (2,417)
Skin cancer risk   
   Low 26.70 (722) 28.10 (796)
   Medium 38.00 (1,028) 37.30 (1,055)
   High 35.30 (954) 34.60 (978)
  mean (SD) mean (SD)
Lifeguard sun protection-related attitudes   
Sun protective benefits (1 to 4) * 3.53 (0.49) 3.39 (0.49)
Sun protective barriers (1 to 5)* 2.79 (0.63) 2.78 (0.61)
Sun protective norms (1 to 5) * 3.55 (0.83) 3.62 (0.81)
Lifeguard sun protection-related behaviors   
Sun protective behaviors (1 to 4)* 2.40 (0.54) 2.49 (0.55)
Sun exposure (1 to 6)* 4.42 (1.33) 4.39 (1.30)
Dependent variable   
Implementation of Pool Cool by lifeguards (0 to 10)* 4.00 (2.00) 4.00 (3.00)
  1. * Possible score range for variable indicated in parenthesis and its meaning is discussed in detail in Additional Files 1 and 2