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Table 1 Taxonomy of NWE characteristics.

From: Interventions aimed at improving the nursing work environment: a systematic review

Nursing work environment
Characteristics Synonyms
Teamwork [14, 17] Positive work relationships [8, 19, 10]
  Interprofessional relations [6, 9, 10]
  Peer cohesion [5]
  Social support [13]
  Collaborative decision making [16]
  Clinical support [15]
  Communication [10, 14, 17]
Leadership [6, 7, 9, 1318] Supervisor support [5, 9, 12, 14, 19]
  Communication [6, 8, 10, 14, 17]
  Feedback [10, 14]
Autonomy [5, 6, 8, 10, 14, 18, 19] Empowering [16]
  Professional identity [12]
Workload [6, 8, 11, 1315, 18] Adequate staffing [6, 10, 11, 14, 17, 19]
  Work pressure [5, 12]
Clarity [5, 8, 14] Degree of role specificity [6]
Recognition [6, 7, 10, 12, 16] Respect [6, 10, 15, 17]
  Reward systems [7, 9, 12]
Physical comfort [5] Availability of equipment, materials, supplies and other non-human resources [6, 9, 10, 14]
  Work design [7]
Flexible scheduling [6, 8, 1012, 14, 15]  
Organizational policies [6] Characteristics of the organization [10]
  Organizational stability [8]
  Organizational culture [7, 18]
Professional development opportunities [8, 16, 18] Opportunities for personal growth [7, 10]
  Career development [12]
  Career laddering [6, 15]
  Educational opportunities [1113, 1517, 19]
Salary [6, 10, 13] Salary benefits [6, 10]
Participation in decision making [7, 10, 14, 16, 18]  
Innovation [5] Technological demands [6, 11]
Workplace safety [8, 1214, 17] Absence of violence [12]
Protection against violence [15]