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Table 2 Characteristics of excluded studies (n = 42)

From: Knowledge translation to fitness trainers: A systematic review

First Author, Year Title Reason for Exclusion
Dawson, 2001 The ethical beliefs and behaviours of Victorian fitness professionals No KT to fitness trainers
Lobb, 2008 Perceptions of antiobesity medications among personal trainers  
Malek, 2002 Importance of health science education for personal fitness trainers  
Manley, 2008 Fitness instructors' recognition of eating disorders and attendant ethical/liability issues  
Melton, 2008 The current state of personal training: an industry perspective of personal trainers in a small Southeast community  
Shields, 2007 Do personal trainers help clients take responsibility for their exercise?  
Tulloch, 2006 Physical activity counseling in primary care: who has and who should be counseling?  
Wiles, 2008 Exercise on prescription schemes for stroke patients post-discharge from physiotherapy  
Wing, 1996 Effects of a personal trainer and financial incentives on exercise adherence in overweight women in a behavioral weight loss program  
Dowda, 2005 Evaluating the sustainability of SPARK physical education: a case study of translating research into practice Wrong population: children, teachers
Kelly, 1998 Preparation and job demographics of adapted physical educators in the United States  
Sondag, 1998 Integrating health and physical education: a data-based assessment of theory versus practice  
Graves, 1991 Nutrition training, attitudes, knowledge, recommendations, responsibility, and resource utilization of high school coaches and trainers Wrong population: coaches, athletic trainers
Rockwell, 2001 Nutrition knowledge, opinions, and practices of coaches and athletic trainers at a Division I University  
Walker, 2008 Evaluation of athletic training students' clinical proficiencies  
Weidner, 2005 Importance and applicability of approved clinical instructor standards and criteria to certified athletic trainers in different clinical education settings  
Whitson, 2006 Certified athletic trainers' knowledge and perception of professional preparation involving eating disorders among athletes  
William, 2007 Perceptions of elite coaches and sports scientists of the research needs for elite coaching practice  
Boltri, 2008 Diabetes prevention in a faith-based setting: results of translational research Wrong population: general public
Dajpratham, 2007 Knowledge and practice of physical exercise among the inhabitants of Bangkok  
Estabrooks, 2008 Determining the impact of Walk Kansas: applying a team-building approach to community physical activity promotion  
Faulkner, 2007 Get the news on physical activity research: a content analysis of physical activity research in the Canadian print media  
Leslie, 1991 The effect of contingency contracting on adherence and knowledge of exercise regimens  
Hooker, 2005 The California active aging community grant program: translating science into practice to promote physical activity in older adults  
Kelly, 2007 Translating research into practice: using concept mapping to determine locally relevant intervention strategies to increase physical activity  
McNamara, 2008 Online weight training  
Abramson, 2000 Personal exercise habits and counseling practices of primary care physicians: a national survey Wrong populations: healthcare professional
Allenspach, 2007 Patient and physician acceptance of a campaign approach to promoting physical activity  
Bowman, 2007 Physical activity advisement practices in diabetes education centres across Canada  
Brehm, 1999 Training Health Professionals: A Multidisciplinary Team Approach in a University-based Weight-loss Program  
Connaughton, 2001 Graduating medical students' exercise prescription competence as perceived by deans and directors of medical education in the United States  
Davis, 2008 Interprofessional continuing health education for diabetic patients in an urban underserved community  
Douglas, 2006 Primary care staff's views and experiences related to routinely advising patients about physical activity. A survey  
Huang, 2004 The Victorian Active Script Programme: promising signs for general practitioners, population health, and the promotion of physical activity  
Kopp, 2008 Proper Exercise and Nutrition kit: use of obesity screening and assessment tools with underserved populations  
Kremer, 1995 Physical activity programs offered in substance abuse treatment facilities  
Laws, 2004 A new evidence-based model for weight management in primary care: the Counterweight Programme  
Mann, 2000 Prescribing exercise for cardiac patients: Knowledge, practices, and needs of family physicians and specialists  
McQuigg, 2005 Empowering primary care to tackle the obesity epidemic: the Counterweight Programme  
Miller, 2000 Health-related physical fitness knowledge of student allied health professions. Evaluation and the Health Professions  
Petrella, 2007 Physical activity counseling and prescription among Canadian primary care physicians  
Ruby, 1993 The knowledge and practices of registered nurse, certified diabetes educators: teaching elderly clients about exercise