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Table 3 Predicting behavioural simulation by psychological theory: Correlation and multiple regression analyses.

From: Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of placing preventive fissure sealants

   Behavioural simulation
Theoretical framework Predictive Constructs r Beta R2(adj) df F
Theory of Planned
Behaviour (TPB)1
Attitude direct 0.35***     
  Attitude indirect 0.47*** 0.29**    
  Subjective Norm 0.18* 0.13    
  PBC direct 0.14     
  PBC power 0.22** 0.05    
  Intention 0.50*** 0.32**    
     0.31 4, 114 13.99***
  PBC power   0.08    
  Intention   0.48***    
     0.25 2, 117 20.53***
Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) Risk perception 0.47*** 0.27**    
  Outcome expectancies 0.49*** 0.30**    
  Self efficacy 0.29** 0.06    
  Generalised self efficacy 0.06     
     0.28 3, 116 16.05***
Implementation intention (II) Action Planning 0.28*** 0.28*** 0.07 1, 115 9.84**
Operant Learning Theory (OLT) Anticipated consequences 0.42*** 0.31***    
  Evidence of habitual behaviour 0.49*** 0.39***    
  Experienced consequences 0.13 0.08    
     0.30 3, 115 17.50***
Common Sense Self regulation
Model (CS-SRM)
Identity of condition 0.13 0.09    
  Timeline acute 0.22** 0.17    
  Timeline cyclical -0.08 -0.13    
  Control (treatment) 0.04 0.01    
  Control (patient) -0.03 -0.06    
  Control (doctor) 0.03 0.02    
  Cause a -0.14 -0.12    
  Cause b -0.16 -0.15    
  Cause c 0.12 0.17    
  Cause d 0.00 0.01    
  Cause e 0.00 0.01    
  Consequence 0.14 0.11    
  Emotional Response -0.00 0.02    
  Coherence 0.03 -0.05    
     0.02 14, 97 1.2
Other Knowledge -0.06 -0.06 0.00 1, 118 0.4
  1. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; r = Pearson product moment correlation coefficient; Beta = standardised regression coefficients. 1 The two blocks in the TPB reflect the two different regression analyses that were run to predict behavioural simulation, one with all the theoretical constructs from the model, and one with only the proximal predictors of behaviour (Intention, PBC). Both direct and indirect measures of PBC and attitude (TPB) were included in this study as each have been used to measure these constructs in the literature. However, only the indirect, theoretically derived measures were included in these theoretical regression equations Similarly, Generalised Self Efficacy was included in this study because this is how some studies using SCT have interpreted and operationalised SE, however only the theoretical measure of SE is included in this theoretical regression equation.