|Theory of Planned Behaviour|
|Variables (number of items)||Example Item(s)|
|Behavioural intention (3)||I intend to place FS as a primary part of managing caries in six to sixteen year old patients.|
Direct (2); Indirecta (7) behavioural beliefs (bb) multiplied by 7 outcome evaluations (oe). The score was the mean of the summed multiplicatives.)
D: In general, the possible harm caused by placing PFS is outweighed by its benefits;|
I: In general, placing a PFS effectively reduces caries risk x effectively reducing caries risk is (un/important).
Indirect (3) normative beliefs (nb) multiplied by 3 motivation to comply items (mtc). The score was the mean of the summed multiplicatives).
|I feel under pressure from the Dental Practice Board to place PFS (nb) x How motivated are you to do what the Dental Practice Board thinks you should (mtc: very much/not at all).|
Perceived Behavioural Control|
Direct (5); Indirect/power (10)c
D: It is entirely up to me whether I place PFSs;|
I: I find it difficult to decide in favour of placing a PFS if the patient is a poor attender.
|Social Cognitive Theory[25, 26]|
|Risk Perception (6)||It is highly likely that children with medium to high risk of caries will be worse off if I do not place PFS.|
Self (2 × 2), Behaviour (7 × 7). The score was the mean of the summed multiplicatives.
S: If I place PFS, then I will think of myself as a caring dentist x Thinking of myself as a caring dentist is (Un/Important).|
B: See Attitude TPB
General: Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (Schwarzer, 1992) (10: 4-point scale, not at all true/exactly true); Specific (12)
General: I can always manage to solve difficult problems if I try hard enough.|
Specific: How confident are you that you can effectively place a PFS in a six to sixteen yr old if the child has poor oral hygiene.
|Action planning (1)||Currently, my standard method of managing caries does not primarily include placing a PFS.|
|Anticipated consequences (6) Mean||If I routinely place PFS then on balance, my life will be easier in the long run.|
|Evidence of habit (2) Mean||When I see a patient, I automatically consider placing a PFS.|
|Experienced (rewarding and punishing) consequences (4): more likely to PFS (score = 1); less likely (score = -1); unchanged/not sure/never occurred (score = 0)). Scores were summed.||Think about the last time you decided to place a PFS in a six to sixteen year old patient and felt pleased that you had done so. Do you think the result of this episode has made you...|
|Self-regulation model d[29, 30]|
|Perceived identity (3)||Caries is a condition with symptoms generally of an intense nature.|
|Perceived cause (5)||Caries is caused by poor oral hygiene.|
|Perceived controllability (7)||What the patient does can determine whether caries reverses or progresses, What I do can determine whether the patient's caries reverses.|
|Perceived duration (4)||Caries is a condition which is likely to be permanent rather than temporary.|
|Perceived consequences (4)||Caries does not have much effect on a patient's life.|
|Coherence (2)||I have a clear picture or understanding of caries.|
|Emotional response (4)||Seeing patients with caries does not worry me.|
|Current stage of change. A single statement is ticked to indicate the behavioural stage||
Which of these sentences most characterises you at the moment?|
Unmotivated (3): I have not yet thought about changing the number of PFS I place.
Motivated (2): I have decided that I will place more/less PFS.
Action (2): I have already done something about increasing/decreasing the number of PFS I place.
|Knowledge (5) (True/False/Not Sure)||PFS are recommended for routine use with high-risk children.|
|Demographic||gender, time qualified, number of other dentists in practice, trainer status, hours per week, list size, if the practice employs hygienists.|