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Table 2 Wenger's indicators for the presence of community of practice and the proposed domains

From: Evolution of Wenger's concept of community of practice

Wenger's indicators CoP domains
1. Sustained mutual relationships – harmonious or conflictual Mutual engagement
2. Shared ways of engaging in doing things together Mutual engagement
Joint enterprise
3. The rapid flow of information and propagation of innovation Mutual engagement
4. Absence of introductory preambles, as if conversations and interactions were merely the continuation of an ongoing process Mutual engagement
Shared repertoire
5. Very quick setup of a problem to be discussed Mutual engagement
Shared repertoire
6. Substantial overlap in participants' descriptions of who belongs Mutual engagement
7. Knowing what others know, what they can do, and how they can contribute to an enterprise Mutual engagement
Joint enterprise
Shared repertoire
8. Mutually defining identities Mutual engagement
9. The ability to assess the appropriateness of actions and products Shared repertoire
10. Specific tools, representations, and other artefacts Shared repertoire
11. Local lore, shared stories, inside jokes, knowing laughter Shared repertoire
12. Jargon and shortcuts to communication as well as the ease of producing new ones Shared repertoire
Mutual engagement
13. Certain styles recognized as displaying membership Mutual engagement
14. A shared discourse reflecting a certain perspective on the world Mutual engagement
  1. * From: Wenger E. Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, and Identity. New York: Cambridge University Press; 1998, pg. 125.