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Table 1 Implementation Methods Programme priority areas, number of applications and projects funded in each area

From: Lessons from the evaluation of the UK's NHS R&D Implementation Methods Programme

Ist Commissioning Round  
IMP 1 Influence of source and presentation of evidence on its uptake by health care professionals and others (20 applications, 1 funded)  
IMP 1–11 Study of GP reasons for changing/not changing prescribing behaviour Qualitative
IMP 2 The principal sources of information on health care effectiveness used by clinicians (11 applications, 1 funded)  
IMP 2–11 Nurses' use of research evidence in decision-making Qualitative
IMP 3 The management of uncertainty and communication of risk by clinicians (21 applications, 4 funded)  
IMP 3–5 Communicating risk reduction to patients and clinicians in the secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease Qualitative & RCT
IMP 3–10 Investigation of Doctors' ability to understand and use clinical prognostic models when different metrics are used to describe model performance Qualitative
IMP 3–12 Self-medication and the communication of risk: The case of deregulated medicines Qualitative
IMP 3–16 Systematic review of risk communication – improving effective clinical practice and research in primary care SR
IMP 4 Roles for health service users in implementing research (26 applications, 3 funded)  
IMP 4–13 Availability of information material to promote evidence-based patient choice Qualitative
IMP 4–16 Evaluating improvements in the ability of health information services to provide information on clinical effectiveness Qualitative
IMP 4–21 Effective communication – an evaluation of touchscreen displays providing information on prenatal diagnosis RCT
IMP 5 Why some clinicians but not others change their practice in response to research findings (45 applications, 3 funded)  
IMP 5–23 Understanding the reasons for change, or not, in clinical practice – the case for dilatation and curettage Qualitative
IMP 5–40 Uptake of effective practices in maternity units Qualitative
IMP 5–41 Social networks and the use of research in clinical practice Qualitative
IMP 6 The role of commissioning in securing change in clinical practice (16 applications, 0 funded)  
IMP 7 Professional, managerial, organisational and commercial factors associated with securing change in clinical practice, with a particular focus on trusts and primary care providers (35 applications, 0 funded)  
IMP 8 Interventions directed at clinical and medical directors and directors of nursing in trusts to promote evidence-based care (9 applications, 0 funded)  
IMP 9 Local research implementation and development projects (such as GRiPP) (17 applications, 0 funded)  
IMP 10 Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of audit and feedback to promote implementation of research findings (16 applications, 2 funded)  
IMP 10–11 Evidence based secondary prevention of heart disease in primary care: an RCT of three methods of implementation RCT
IMP 10–16 Effectiveness and costs of guidelines, prioritised audit criteria, and feedback in implementing change RCT
IMP 11 Educational strategies for continuing professional development to promote the implementation of research findings (34 applications, 3 funded)  
IMP 11–10 Effectiveness of education & implementation strategies and the adoption of evidence based developments in primary care RCT
IMP 11–26 Using informal learning in the implementation of research findings Qualitative
IMP 11–29 Effectiveness of contin. education conferences and workshops to improve practice of health professionals SR
IMP 12 Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of teaching critical appraisal skills to clinicians, patients/users, purchasers and providers to promote uptake of research findings (18 applications, 2 funded)  
IMP 12-8 Systematic review of studies of effectiveness of teaching critical appraisal SR
IMP 12-9 RCT of the effectiveness of critical appraisal skill workshops on health service decision makers in SW region RCT
IMP 13 The role of undergraduate (pre-qualification) training in promoting the uptake of research findings (19 applications, 0 funded)  
IMP 14 The impact of clinical practice guidelines in disciplines other than medicine (33 applications, 1 funded)  
IMP 14–32 Review of the effectiveness of guidelines in professions allied to medicine SR
IMP 15 Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of reminder and decision support systems to implement research findings (22 applications, 7 funded)  
IMP 15-4 RCT of a simple prompting system re appropriate management of iron deficiency anaemia and its influence on clinical outcome RCT
IMP 15-8 Effectiveness of computerised advice on drug dosage in improving prescribing practice SR
IMP 15-9 Evaluation of computerised guidelines for the management of two chronic conditions RCT
IMP 15-11 Cochrane SR of effects of paper & computer-based reminders and decision support on clinical practices & patient outcomes SR
IMP 15-12 Comparing patient held prompt & reminder card to a doctor held prompt & reminder card to improve epilepsy care in the community RCT
IMP 15–19 Maternity Guidelines Implemented on Computer (MaGIC) Pilot study
IMP 15–21 Review of economic studies of reminders and decision support systems SR
IMP 16 The role of the media in promoting uptake of research findings (20 applications, 2 funded)  
IMP 16–18 Systematic review of the impact of mass media campaigns on health services utilisation and health care outcomes. SR
IMP 16–19 The role of the media in public and professional understandings of breast cancer Qualitative
IMP 17 Impact of professional and managerial change agents (including educational outreach visits and local opinion leaders) in implementing research findings (16 applications, 2 funded)  
IMP 17-12 Is the involvement of opinion leaders in the implementation of research findings a feasible strategy? Qualitative
IMP 17-13 Prevention of deep vein thrombosis: A feasibility study for a randomised trial of three different strategies to implement evidence based guidelines Pilot study
IMP 18 Effect on evidence – based practice of general health policy measures (3 applications, 0 funded)  
IMP 19 The impact of national guidance to promote clinical effectiveness (16 applications, 1 funded)  
IMP 19-15 The injecting drug taker and the community pharmacist: impact of new department of health guidelines and obstacles to a broader service-providing base Qualitative
IMP 20 Analysis of use of research-based evidence by policy makers (7 applications, 0 funded)  
Joint DoH funded project (under IMP 4)  
Evaluation of informed choice leaflets in maternity care RCT
2nd Commissioning Round  
Evaluation of the effectiveness of interventions to improve the uptake of research findings in practice  
IMP R2-25 Evaluation of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of audit, feedback and educational outreach in improving nursing practice and health care outcomes RCT
IMP R2-34 Development and preliminary evaluation of decision interventions decision Pilot study
IMP R2-64 RCT of dissemination & implementation strategies for guidelines for extraction of third molar teeth RCT