Skip to main content

Table 5 Economic analysis profile (Costs expressed in 2002/03 UK£).

From: A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of a Diabetes REcall And Management system: the DREAM trial

Type of service/resource Mean (SD) per patient Effect of intervention adjusted for a difference between registers
  Control Intervention p-value Mean (95% CI)
NHS Costs     
Primary care visits/consultations (n = 965) 135.61 (43.40) 136.67 (40.40) 0.96 0.50 (-21.5; 22.5)
Secondary care visits/consultations (n = 1091) 189.03 (55.40) 186.45 (68.73) 0.62 -7.41 (-37.58; 22.77)
All tests/investigations (n = 1046) 65.71 (26.28) 72.06 (28.05) 0.68 2.75 (-10.77; 16.28)
NHS pre-booked transport service (n = 1259) 19.34 (33.04) 17 (44.78) 0.49 -7.24 (-28.34; 13.85)
All drugs except insulin (n = 1330) 22.07(6.46) 20.81(6.68) 0.72 -0.55 (-3.6; 2.49)
Insulin (n = 1388) 6.13 (3.72) 6.18 (4.38) 0.83 0.20 (-1.65; 2.06)
Cardiovascular drugs (all categories) (n = 1341) 18.3 (5.38) 17.05(5.25) 0.60 -0.66 (-3.15; 1.84)
Private costs/time use     
All private special items/equipment* (n = 1285) 20.80 (11.05) 26.98 (12.13) 0.10 4.89 (-0.97; 10.75)
All private consultations(n = 1348) 3.21 (3.92) 2.45 (2.56) 0.49 -0.60 (-2.32; 1.12)
Costs-All private modes of transport (n = 1240) 7.43 (4.97) 6.86 (6.02) 0.47 -0.10 (-3.77; 1.78)
Patient-Pay loss because of time off (n = 1295) 1.10 (2.64) 3.73 (7.59) 0.06 3.01 (-0.15; 6.16)
Patient-Pay loss because of sick leave (n = 1195) 4.12 (12.33) 36.76 (103.08) 0.12 27.67 (-7.28; 62.63)
Patient-Hours off other activities (n = 1120) 1.67 (1.87) 0.86 (0.98) 0.07 -0.77 (-1.6; 0.07)
Patient-Days off other activities (n = 1034) 0.18 (0.29) 0.20 (0.34) 0.77 2.488E-02 (-0.15; 0.19)
Companion-Pay loss (n = 1233) 1.66 (6.62) 2.89 (9.08) 0.65 0.85 (-2.96; 4.67)
Companion-Days off (n = 734) 0.62 (0.86) 0.82 (1.11) 0.66 0.10 (-0.37; 0.58)
Companion – Hours off (n = 858) 2.50 (3.48) 2.11 (1.90) 0.74 -0.23 (-1.65; 1.19)
  1. * Special items/equipment include: spectacles, special shoes, glucose tablets, monitoring equipment, books or videos.