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Table 3 Results of the stepwise regression analyses which included all constructs which significantly predicted outcomes.

From: Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: Identifying factors predictive of managing upper respiratory tract infections without antibiotics

Predictive Constructs      
Outcome: Prescribing antibiotics Entered Beta Adj. R2 df F
TPB: Attitude Direct; Subjective Norm; PBC Power & PBC Power direct; Intention
SCT: Risk Perception; Self-Efficacy
Implementation Intentions: Action Planning
Operant learning theory: anticipated consequences; Evidence of habitual behaviour
CS-SRM: Cause social contact; stress; chance/bad luck
OLT Evidence of habitual behaviour 0.251*** 0.059 1, 209 14.1***
Outcome: Behavioural Simulation      
TPB: Attitude Indirect & Direct; PBC Power & PBC Power direct; Intention
SCT: Risk Perception; Outcome expectancy Self-Efficacy; Generalised self-efficacy
Implementation Intentions: Action Planning
CS-SRM: Control treatment & doctor; Cause chance/bad luck; coherence
Knowledge
Operant learning theory: anticipated consequences; Evidence of Habitual Behaviour
TPB PBC Power 0.302***    
  OLT Evidence of habitual behaviour 0.237**    
  CS-SRM Cause chance/bad luck 0.154**    
  TPB Intention 0.178* 0.356 4, 220 31.92***
Outcome: Behavioural Intention      
TPB: Attitude Indirect & Direct; PBC Power & PBC Power direct
SCT: Risk Perception; Outcome expectancy Self-Efficacy; Generalised self-efficacy
CS-SRM: Time cyclical; Control treatment & doctor; Consequence; Coherence
Knowledge
Operant learning theory: anticipated consequences; Evidence of Habitual Behaviour
OLT Evidence of habitual behaviour 0.410***    
  TPB attitudes direct 0.161**    
  SCT risk perception 0.149**    
  CS-SRM control doctor 0.142**    
  TPB PBC power 0.130*    
  CS-SRM control treatment -0.108* 0.494 6, 224 38.36***
  1. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001.
  2. PBC = perceived behavioural control; TPB = Theory of Planned Behaviour; SCT = Social Cognitive Theory; CS-SRM = Common Sense Self-Regulation Model.