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Table 1 Sample Means for Culture Items and Item Analysis Statistics for Competing Values Framework Subscales.

From: Assessing an organizational culture instrument based on the Competing Values Framework: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses

  EFA sample (n = 35,848) CFA sample (n = 35,928)   Item correlation to subscales Cronbach's α
  Mean SD Mean SD p Entrepreneurial Hierarchical Team Rational  
Entrepreneurial 2.75 0.91 2.76 0.91 0.07      0.85
1. My facility is a very dynamic and entrepreneurial place. People are willing to stick their necks out and take risks. 2.53 1.08 2.54 1.09 0.24 0.69 0.17 0.66 0.58 0.80
4. Mangers in my facility are risk-takers. They encourage employees to take risks and be innovative. 2.50 1.08 2.50 1.08 0.70 0.66 0.16 0.66 0.59 0.81
8. The glue that holds my facility together is commitment to innovation and development. There is an emphasis on being first. 2.90 1.11 2.91 1.11 0.03 0.69 0.27 0.71 0.68 0.80
12. My facility emphasizes growth and acquiring new resources. Readiness to meet new challenges is important. 3.07 1.12 3.08 1.11 0.02 0.69 0.28 0.74 0.73 0.80
Hierarchical 3.42 0.74 3.42 0.74 0.25      0.69
2. My facility is a very formalized and structured place. Bureaucratic procedures generally govern what people do. 3.51 1.07 3.51 1.07 0.78 0.01 0.43 0.05 0.13 0.65
5. Managers in my facility are rule-enforcers. They expect employees to follow established rules, policies, and procedures. 3.67 1.02 3.68 1.01 0.28 0.21 0.52 0.26 0.36 0.58
9. The glue that holds my facility together is formal rules and policies. People feel that following the rules is important. 3.45 1.02 3.46 1.01 0.31 0.31 0.59 0.36 0.46 0.54
13. My facility emphasizes permanence and stability. Keeping things the same is important. 3.05 1.02 3.05 1.03 0.34 0.23 0.35 0.30 0.30 0.70
Team 2.88 1.01 2.90 1.02 0.08      0.82
3. Mangers in my facility are warm and caring. They seek to develop employees' full potential and act as their mentors or guides. 2.81 1.20 2.81 1.20 0.63 0.73 0.26 0.69 0.69 0.76
7. The glue that holds my facility together is loyalty and tradition. Commitment to this facility runs high. 3.00 1.17 3.02 1.17 0.02 0.68 0.34 0.65 0.64 0.79
11. My facility emphasizes human resources. High cohesion and morale in the organization are important. 2.84 1.17 2.86 1.17 0.09 0.74 0.27 0.71 0.69 0.73
Rational 3.21 0.91 3.22 0.90 0.07      0.80
6. Managers in my facility are coordinators and coaches. They help employees meet the facility's goals and objectives. 3.08 1.14 3.09 1.13 0.59 0.72 0.31 0.77 0.63 0.73
10. The glue that holds my facility together is the emphasis on tasks and goal accomplishment. A production orientation is commonly shared. 3.33 1.02 3.34 1.01 0.03 0.58 0.45 0.58 0.63 0.73
14. My facility emphasizes competitive actions and achievement. Measurable goals are important. 3.23 1.07 3.24 1.06 0.04 0.66 0.34 0.62 0.65 0.71
  1. These are the Pearson correlations of the individual items to the aggregate of each of the four CVF subscales. For the correlation of the item to its own subscale, we report the item-rest correlation, indicated by italics; the item-rest correlation is simply the correlation of the item to the sum of the rest of the items in that subscale.
  2. Bolded items are statistics for the overall subscale; non-bolded are for the individual item. Cronbach's α for the individual items indicates what the α statistic for that subscale would be were the item in question removed.