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Table 9 Characteristics of identified opinion leaders (odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals)

From: Is the involvement of opinion leaders in the implementation of research findings a feasible strategy?

Hypothesis Generic sociometric Condition-specific sociometric Generic self-designating Condition-specific self-designating
Social network related     
OLs more likely to belong to professional groups 5.27 (2.38 – 11.65)**** 3.90 (1.63 – 9.33)** 1.56 (1.13 – 2.17)** 1.13 (0.79 – 1.58)
OLs more likely to have attended local medical school 1.32 (0.62 – 2.82) 0.41(0.08 – 0.90)*** 1.02 (0.65 – 1.54) 0.87 (0.55 – 1.38)
Experience related     
OLs more likely to have been qualified longer 1.90 (1.10 – 3.28)** 1.18 (0.64 – 2.20) 0.99 (0.72 – 1.36) 1.20 (0.85 – 1.69)
OLs more likely to be in senior posts 6.69 (2.33 – 19.20) *** 5.72 (1.69 – 19.34)*** 2.02 (1.23 – 3.21)*** 1.35 (0.85 – 2.15)
Qualifications     
OLs more likely to have qualifications 1.05 (0.6 3 – 1.75) 1.27 (0.68 – 2.36) 1.80 (1.33 – 2.44)*** 0.96 (0.68 – 1.36)
Other     
OLs more likely to spend time teaching 0.88 (0.16 – 4.74) 1.35 (0.31 – 5.98) .93 (0.79 – 4.67) 0.92 (0.34 – 2.50)
OLs more likely to spend time on research 2.30 (0.49 – 10.92) 1.82 (0.41 – 8.11) 2.14 (0.86 – 5.34) 1.10 (0.40 – 3.04)
Keeping up to date score     
Mean Opinion Leader Score 3.57 3.47 3.48 3.40
Mean score of other respondents 3.29 3.30 3.25 3.27
Mean difference in up-to-date score 0.28 0.17 0.23 0.13
95% CI and significance+ (0.14 – 0.43)** (-0.09 – 0.36) (0.14 – 0.32)*** (0.03 – 0.24)*
Use of clinical effectiveness materials score     
Mean Opinion Leader Score 2.58 2.37 2.53 2.58
Mean score of other respondents 2.38 2.42 2.36 2.38
Mean difference in up-to-date score 0.3 -0.05 0.17 0.20
95% CI and significance+ (-0.02 – 0.41) (-0.33 – 0.21) (0.04 – 0.30)* (0.04 – 0.30)*
  1. Key – * – p < 0.05, ** – p < 0.01, *** – p < 0.001, **** – p < 0.0001, + Independent samples t-test