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Table 1 Selected educational methods and strategies related to learning objectives and modifiable behavioural determinants among breastfeeding mothers

From: Translating global recommendations on HIV and infant feeding to the local context: the development of culturally sensitive counselling tools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania

Performance objective:Exclusive breastfeeding Modifiable behavioural determinants
Learning objectives Awareness-attitudes Preferences Self efficacy/skills Social influence
Mothers can explain positive health consequences for the baby following exclusive breastfeeding and giving colostrum Information transfer, presenting personally relevant information, content and images of breastfeeding brochure Information transfer, personally relevant information, content and image of brochure   
Mothers have confidence and can practice proper positioning of baby at the breast when breastfeeding Information transfer, presenting personally relevant information, content and images of breastfeeding brochure   Instruction – presenting topics in recognizable situations, showing techniques, facilitating factors-content and images of brochure Role modelling, content and images of take home brochures
Mothers can name important persons to consult in case of breast problems Information transfer, presenting personally relevant information, content of and images of breastfeeding brochure   Encouragement to ask for help and assistance, facilitating factors, content and images of brochure  
Mothers can explain positive health consequences of safe sex Information transfer, presenting personally relevant information, content and images of brochures, counselling card Information transfer, linking new information to old   
Mothers will have adequate perception of incidence and prevalence of MTCT Information transfer, presenting personally relevant information, counselling card    
Mothers can explain what she can do in case of breast problems Information transfer, presenting personally relevant information, content and images of breastfeeding brochure Personally relevant information Instruction-practices, positive reinforcement, discuss how to overcome barriers Role modelling-image of brochures