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Table 3 Multidisciplinary teams

From: Organizational interventions to implement improvements in patient care: a structured review of reviews

Author, number of studies Quality score Focus Main results
Hearn 1998
N = 5
5 Palliative care teams in advanced cancer Improved patient and carer satisfaction (PSI 4/5 = 80%). Improved pain and symptom control (PSI 80%). Reduced hospital stay and overall costs (PSI 4/5 = 80%).
Mitchell 2002
N = 7
6 Arrangements that linked family physicians to specialist practitioners Improved clinical behavior (PSI 4/4 = 100%). Cost savings (PSI 1/2 = 50%). No change in: health outcomes.
Philbin 1999
N = 2
4 Multidisciplinary teams for patients with congestive heart failure Improved quality of life (PSI 1/2 = 50%). Reduced use of medical care (PSI 1/2 = 50%).
Vliet Vlieland 1997
N = 15
4 Multidisciplinary teams caring for rheumatoid arthritis Inpatient teams versus usual outpatient care: improved short-term disease activity (PSI 4/4 = 100%), increased costs (2/2 = 100%).
Outpatient teams versus usual outpatient care: improved disease outcomes (PSI 2/5 = 40%).
Zwarenstein 2000
N = 2
7 Interventions to promote collaboration between nurses and doctors Reduced hospital stay (PSI 1/2 = 50%). No change in: mortality.