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  1. Research

    Implementation of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery: a strategy to transform surgical care across a health system

    Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs have been shown to have a positive impact on outcome. The ERAS care system includes an evidence-based guideline, an implementation program, and an interactive au...

    Leah M. Gramlich, Caroline E. Sheppard, Tracy Wasylak, Loreen E. Gilmour, Olle Ljungqvist, Carlota Basualdo-Hammond and Gregg Nelson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:67

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  2. Study protocol

    Combining alcohol interventions with tobacco addictions treatment in primary care—the COMBAT study: a pragmatic cluster randomized trial

    Tobacco and alcohol use present multiplicative risk for aerodigestive cancers. Reducing alcohol consumption improves smoking cessation outcomes and reduces cancer risk. Risky alcohol consumption and smoking ar...

    Nadia Minian, Dolly Baliunas, Laurie Zawertailo, Aliya Noormohamed, Norman Giesbrecht, Christian S. Hendershot, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov and Peter L. Selby

    Implementation Science 2017 12:65

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  3. Research

    Data for Improvement and Clinical Excellence: a report of an interrupted time series trial of feedback in home care

    There is substantial evidence about the effectiveness of audit with feedback, but none that we know have been conducted in home care settings. The primary purpose of the Data for Improvement and Clinical Excel...

    Kimberly D. Fraser, Anne E. Sales, Melba Andrea B. Baylon, Corinne Schalm and John J. Miklavcic

    Implementation Science 2017 12:66

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  4. Systematic review

    A systematic review of electronic audit and feedback: intervention effectiveness and use of behaviour change theory

    Audit and feedback is a common intervention for supporting clinical behaviour change. Increasingly, health data are available in electronic format. Yet, little is known regarding if and how electronic audit an...

    Timothy Tuti, Jacinta Nzinga, Martin Njoroge, Benjamin Brown, Niels Peek, Mike English, Chris Paton and Sabine N van der Veer

    Implementation Science 2017 12:61

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  5. Research

    Are general and strategic measures of organizational context and leadership associated with knowledge and attitudes toward evidence-based practices in public behavioral health settings? A cross-sectional observational study

    Examining the role of modifiable barriers and facilitators is a necessary step toward developing effective implementation strategies. This study examines whether both general (organizational culture, organizat...

    Byron J. Powell, David S. Mandell, Trevor R. Hadley, Ronnie M. Rubin, Arthur C. Evans, Matthew O. Hurford and Rinad S. Beidas

    Implementation Science 2017 12:64

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  6. Debate

    Organizational theory for dissemination and implementation research

    Even under optimal internal organizational conditions, implementation can be undermined by changes in organizations’ external environments, such as fluctuations in funding, adjustments in contracting practices...

    Sarah A. Birken, Alicia C. Bunger, Byron J. Powell, Kea Turner, Alecia S. Clary, Stacey L. Klaman, Yan Yu, Daniel J. Whitaker, Shannon R. Self, Whitney L. Rostad, Jenelle R. Shanley Chatham, M. Alexis Kirk, Christopher M. Shea, Emily Haines and Bryan J. Weiner

    Implementation Science 2017 12:62

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  7. Research

    The association between implementation strategy use and the uptake of hepatitis C treatment in a national sample

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common and highly morbid illness. New medications that have much higher cure rates have become the new evidence-based practice in the field. Understanding the implementation of the...

    Shari S. Rogal, Vera Yakovchenko, Thomas J. Waltz, Byron J. Powell, JoAnn E. Kirchner, Enola K. Proctor, Rachel Gonzalez, Angela Park, David Ross, Timothy R. Morgan, Maggie Chartier and Matthew J. Chinman

    Implementation Science 2017 12:60

    Published on: 11 May 2017

  8. Study protocol

    A methodological protocol for selecting and quantifying low-value prescribing practices in routinely collected data: an Australian case study

    Growing imperatives for safety, quality and responsible resource allocation have prompted renewed efforts to identify and quantify harmful or wasteful (low-value) medical practices such as test ordering, proce...

    Jonathan Brett, Adam G. Elshaug, R. Sacha Bhatia, Kelsey Chalmers, Tim Badgery-Parker and Sallie-Anne Pearson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:58

    Published on: 3 May 2017

  9. Study protocol

    Provision of peer specialist services in VA patient aligned care teams: protocol for testing a cluster randomized implementation trial

    Over 1100 Veterans work in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) as peer specialists (PSs). PSs are Veterans with formal training who provide support to other Veterans with similar diagnoses, primarily in m...

    Matthew Chinman, Karin Daniels, Jeff Smith, Sharon McCarthy, Deborah Medoff, Amanda Peeples and Richard Goldberg

    Implementation Science 2017 12:57

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  10. Research

    Teaching implementation science in a new Master of Science Program in Germany: a survey of stakeholder expectations

    Implementation science in healthcare is an evolving discipline in German-speaking countries. In 2015, the Medical Faculty of the University of Heidelberg, Germany, implemented a two-year full-time Master of Sc...

    Charlotte Ullrich, Cornelia Mahler, Johanna Forstner, Joachim Szecsenyi and Michel Wensing

    Implementation Science 2017 12:55

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  11. Study protocol

    Effectiveness of an intervention for improving drug prescription in primary care patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy: study protocol of a cluster randomized clinical trial (Multi-PAP project)

    Multimorbidity is associated with negative effects both on people’s health and on healthcare systems. A key problem linked to multimorbidity is polypharmacy, which in turn is associated with increased risk of ...

    Alexandra Prados-Torres, Isabel del Cura-González, Daniel Prados-Torres, Juan A. López-Rodríguez, Francisca Leiva-Fernández, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Fernando López-Verde, Luis A. Gimeno-Feliu, Esperanza Escortell-Mayor, Victoria Pico-Soler, Teresa Sanz-Cuesta, Mª Josefa Bujalance-Zafra, Mariel Morey-Montalvo, José Ramón Boxó-Cifuentes, Beatriz Poblador-Plou, José Manuel Fernández-Arquero…

    Implementation Science 2017 12:54

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  12. Research

    The role of informal dimensions of safety in high-volume organisational routines: an ethnographic study of test results handling in UK general practice

    The handling of laboratory, imaging and other test results in UK general practice is a high-volume organisational routine that is both complex and high risk. Previous research in this area has focused on error...

    Suzanne Grant, Katherine Checkland, Paul Bowie and Bruce Guthrie

    Implementation Science 2017 12:56

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  13. Meeting abstracts

    Proceedings from the 9th annual conference on the science of dissemination and implementation

    David Chambers, Lisa Simpson, Gila Neta, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Antoinette Percy-Laurry, Gregory A. Aarons, Gila Neta, Ross Brownson, Amanda Vogel, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Kenneth Sherr, Rachel Sturke, Wynne E. Norton, Allyson Varley, David Chambers, Cynthia Vinson…

    Implementation Science 2017 12(Suppl 1):48

    Published on: 20 April 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

  14. Systematic review

    Using media to impact health policy-making: an integrative systematic review

    Media interventions can potentially play a major role in influencing health policies. This integrative systematic review aimed to assess the effects of planned media interventions—including social media—on the...

    Lama Bou-Karroum, Fadi El-Jardali, Nour Hemadi, Yasmine Faraj, Utkarsh Ojha, Maher Shahrour, Andrea Darzi, Maha Ali, Carine Doumit, Etienne V. Langlois, Jad Melki, Gladys Honein AbouHaidar and Elie A. Akl

    Implementation Science 2017 12:52

    Published on: 18 April 2017

  15. Research

    Does a quality improvement campaign accelerate take-up of new evidence? A ten-state cluster-randomized controlled trial of the Institute for Health Improvement’s Project JOINTS

    A decade ago, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement pioneered a quality improvement (QI) campaign, leveraging organizational and personal social networks to disseminate new practices. There have been few ri...

    Eric C. Schneider, Melony E. Sorbero, Ann Haas, M. Susan Ridgely, Dmitry Khodyakov, Claude M. Setodji, Gareth Parry, Susan S. Huang, Deborah S. Yokoe and Don Goldmann

    Implementation Science 2017 12:51

    Published on: 17 April 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Implementation Science 2017 12:59

  16. Research

    Adapting an adherence support workers intervention: engaging traditional healers as adherence partners for persons enrolled in HIV care and treatment in rural Mozambique

    Systematic adaptation of evidence-informed interventions that increase retention in care and improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are essential to ending the HIV epidemic in rural sub-Saharan Afri...

    Carolyn M. Audet, José Salato, Sten H. Vermund and K. Rivet Amico

    Implementation Science 2017 12:50

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  17. Research

    HIV policy implementation in two health and demographic surveillance sites in Uganda: findings from a national policy review, health facility surveys and key informant interviews

    Successful HIV testing, care and treatment policy implementation is essential for realising the reductions in morbidity and mortality those policies are designed to target. While adoption of new HIV policies i...

    Ellen McRobie, Alison Wringe, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Francis Kiweewa, Tom Lutalo, Gertrude Nakigozi, Jim Todd, Jeffrey William Eaton, Basia Zaba and Kathryn Church

    Implementation Science 2017 12:47

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  18. Study protocol

    A Hybrid III stepped wedge cluster randomized trial testing an implementation strategy to facilitate the use of an evidence-based practice in VA Homeless Primary Care Treatment Programs

    Homeless veterans often have multiple health care and psychosocial needs, including assistance with access to housing and health care, as well as support for ongoing treatment engagement. The Department of Vet...

    Molly M. Simmons, Sonya Gabrielian, Thomas Byrne, Megan B. McCullough, Jeffery L. Smith, Thom J. Taylor, Tom P. O’Toole, Vincent Kane, Vera Yakovchenko, D. Keith McInnes and David A. Smelson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:46

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  19. Research

    The Evidence-based Practice Attitude Scale-36 (EBPAS-36): a brief and pragmatic measure of attitudes to evidence-based practice validated in US and Norwegian samples

    Short and valid instruments for measuring factors facilitating or hindering implementation efforts are called for. This article describes (1) the adaptation of a shorter version of the Evidence-based Practice ...

    Marte Rye, Elisa M. Torres, Oddgeir Friborg, Ingunn Skre and Gregory A. Aarons

    Implementation Science 2017 12:44

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  20. Research

    Dimensions of sustainability for a health communication intervention in African American churches: a multi-methods study

    Sustainability of evidence-based health promotion interventions has received increased research attention in recent years. This paper reports sustainability data from Project HEAL (Health through Early Awarene...

    Mary Ann Scheirer, Sherie Lou Z. Santos, Erin K. Tagai, Janice Bowie, Jimmie Slade, Roxanne Carter and Cheryl L. Holt

    Implementation Science 2017 12:43

    Published on: 28 March 2017

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