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  1. Meeting abstracts

    Proceedings from the 9th annual conference on the science of dissemination and implementation

    David Chambers, Lisa Simpson, Gila Neta, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Antoinette Percy-Laurry, Gregory A. Aarons, Gila Neta, Ross Brownson, Amanda Vogel, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Kenneth Sherr, Rachel Sturke, Wynne E. Norton, Allyson Varley, David Chambers, Cynthia Vinson…

    Implementation Science 2017 12(Suppl 1):48

    Published on: 20 April 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 12 Supplement 1

  2. Systematic review

    Using media to impact health policy-making: an integrative systematic review

    Media interventions can potentially play a major role in influencing health policies. This integrative systematic review aimed to assess the effects of planned media interventions—including social media—on the...

    Lama Bou-Karroum, Fadi El-Jardali, Nour Hemadi, Yasmine Faraj, Utkarsh Ojha, Maher Shahrour, Andrea Darzi, Maha Ali, Carine Doumit, Etienne V. Langlois, Jad Melki, Gladys Honein AbouHaidar and Elie A. Akl

    Implementation Science 2017 12:52

    Published on: 18 April 2017

  3. Research

    Does a quality improvement campaign accelerate take-up of new evidence? A ten-state cluster-randomized controlled trial of the Institute for Health Improvement’s Project JOINTS

    A decade ago, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement pioneered a quality improvement (QI) campaign, leveraging organizational and personal social networks to disseminate new practices. There have been few ri...

    Eric C. Schneider, Melony E. Sorbero, Ann Haas, M. Susan Ridgely, Dmitry Khodyakov, Claude M. Setodji, Gareth Parry, Susan S. Huang, Deborah S. Yokoe and Don Goldmann

    Implementation Science 2017 12:51

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  4. Research

    Adapting an adherence support workers intervention: engaging traditional healers as adherence partners for persons enrolled in HIV care and treatment in rural Mozambique

    Systematic adaptation of evidence-informed interventions that increase retention in care and improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) are essential to ending the HIV epidemic in rural sub-Saharan Afri...

    Carolyn M. Audet, José Salato, Sten H. Vermund and K. Rivet Amico

    Implementation Science 2017 12:50

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  5. Research

    HIV policy implementation in two health and demographic surveillance sites in Uganda: findings from a national policy review, health facility surveys and key informant interviews

    Successful HIV testing, care and treatment policy implementation is essential for realising the reductions in morbidity and mortality those policies are designed to target. While adoption of new HIV policies i...

    Ellen McRobie, Alison Wringe, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Francis Kiweewa, Tom Lutalo, Gertrude Nakigozi, Jim Todd, Jeffrey William Eaton, Basia Zaba and Kathryn Church

    Implementation Science 2017 12:47

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  6. Study protocol

    A Hybrid III stepped wedge cluster randomized trial testing an implementation strategy to facilitate the use of an evidence-based practice in VA Homeless Primary Care Treatment Programs

    Homeless veterans often have multiple health care and psychosocial needs, including assistance with access to housing and health care, as well as support for ongoing treatment engagement. The Department of Vet...

    Molly M. Simmons, Sonya Gabrielian, Thomas Byrne, Megan B. McCullough, Jeffery L. Smith, Thom J. Taylor, Tom P. O’Toole, Vincent Kane, Vera Yakovchenko, D. Keith McInnes and David A. Smelson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:46

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  7. Research

    The Evidence-based Practice Attitude Scale-36 (EBPAS-36): a brief and pragmatic measure of attitudes to evidence-based practice validated in US and Norwegian samples

    Short and valid instruments for measuring factors facilitating or hindering implementation efforts are called for. This article describes (1) the adaptation of a shorter version of the Evidence-based Practice ...

    Marte Rye, Elisa M. Torres, Oddgeir Friborg, Ingunn Skre and Gregory A. Aarons

    Implementation Science 2017 12:44

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  8. Research

    Dimensions of sustainability for a health communication intervention in African American churches: a multi-methods study

    Sustainability of evidence-based health promotion interventions has received increased research attention in recent years. This paper reports sustainability data from Project HEAL (Health through Early Awarene...

    Mary Ann Scheirer, Sherie Lou Z. Santos, Erin K. Tagai, Janice Bowie, Jimmie Slade, Roxanne Carter and Cheryl L. Holt

    Implementation Science 2017 12:43

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  9. Research

    Applying the Theoretical Domains Framework to identify barriers and targeted interventions to enhance nurses’ use of electronic medication management systems in two Australian hospitals

    Medication errors harm hospitalised patients and increase health care costs. Electronic Medication Management Systems (EMMS) have been shown to reduce medication errors. However, nurses do not always use EMMS ...

    Deborah Debono, Natalie Taylor, Wendy Lipworth, David Greenfield, Joanne Travaglia, Deborah Black and Jeffrey Braithwaite

    Implementation Science 2017 12:42

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  10. Systematic review

    A theoretical analysis of the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of school-based physical activity policies in Canada: a mixed methods scoping review

    Given the potential impact school-based daily physical activity (DPA) policies can have on the health outcomes of Canadian children, it is surprising that such little research has examined the implementation a...

    Katie A. Weatherson, Heather L. Gainforth and Mary E. Jung

    Implementation Science 2017 12:41

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  11. Research

    Improving the adaptability of WHO evidence-informed guidelines for nutrition actions: results of a mixed methods evaluation

    Over the past decade, the World Health Organization (WHO) has implemented a standardized, evidence-informed guideline development process to assure technically sound and policy-relevant guidelines. This study ...

    Maria Cecilia Dedios, Alexo Esperato, Luz Maria De-Regil, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas and Susan L. Norris

    Implementation Science 2017 12:39

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  12. Study protocol

    Design and implementation of electronic health record integrated clinical prediction rules (iCPR): a randomized trial in diverse primary care settings

    Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) represent a method of determining individual patient risk to help providers make more accurate decisions at the point of care. Well-validated CPRs are underutilized but may dec...

    David A. Feldstein, Rachel Hess, Thomas McGinn, Rebecca G. Mishuris, Lauren McCullagh, Paul D. Smith, Michael Flynn, Joseph Palmisano, Gheorghe Doros and Devin Mann

    Implementation Science 2017 12:37

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  13. Research

    Adoption, reach, and implementation of a cancer education intervention in African American churches

    Use of technology is increasing in health promotion and has continued growth potential in intervention research. Guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framewor...

    Sherie Lou Zara Santos, Erin K. Tagai, Mary Ann Scheirer, Janice Bowie, Muhiuddin Haider, Jimmie Slade, Min Qi Wang and Cheryl L. Holt

    Implementation Science 2017 12:36

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  14. Research

    Using Getting To Outcomes to facilitate the use of an evidence-based practice in VA homeless programs: a cluster-randomized trial of an implementation support strategy

    Incorporating evidence-based integrated treatment for dual disorders into typical care settings has been challenging, especially among those serving Veterans who are homeless. This paper presents an evaluation...

    Matthew Chinman, Sharon McCarthy, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Hugh Byrne and David A. Smelson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:34

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  15. Research

    Identifying barriers to and facilitators of tuberculosis contact investigation in Kampala, Uganda: a behavioral approach

    The World Health Organization recommends routine household tuberculosis contact investigation in high-burden countries but adoption has been limited. We sought to identify barriers to and facilitators of TB co...

    Irene Ayakaka, Sara Ackerman, Joseph M. Ggita, Phoebe Kajubi, David Dowdy, Jessica E. Haberer, Elizabeth Fair, Philip Hopewell, Margaret A. Handley, Adithya Cattamanchi, Achilles Katamba and J. Lucian Davis

    Implementation Science 2017 12:33

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  16. Study protocol

    Improving and sustaining delivery of CPT for PTSD in mental health systems: a cluster randomized trial

    Large-scale implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder can have a tremendous impact on mental and physical health, heal...

    Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Erin P. Finley, Norman Shields, Joan Cook, Rachel Haine-Schlagel, James F. Burgess, Linda Dimeff, Kelly Koerner, Michael Suvak, Cassidy A. Gutner, David Gagnon, Tasoula Masina, Matthew Beristianos, Kera Mallard, Vanessa Ramirez and Candice Monson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:32

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  17. Research

    A tailored programme to implement recommendations for multimorbid patients with polypharmacy in primary care practices—process evaluation of a cluster randomized trial

    We developed and evaluated a tailored programme to implement three evidence-based recommendations for multimorbid patients with polypharmacy into primary care practices: structured medication counselling inclu...

    Cornelia Jäger, Jost Steinhäuser, Tobias Freund, Sarah Kuse, Joachim Szecsenyi and Michel Wensing

    Implementation Science 2017 12:31

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  18. Systematic review

    Methods for designing interventions to change healthcare professionals’ behaviour: a systematic review

    Systematic reviews consistently indicate that interventions to change healthcare professional (HCP) behaviour are haphazardly designed and poorly specified. Clarity about methods for designing and specifying i...

    Heather L. Colquhoun, Janet E. Squires, Niina Kolehmainen, Cynthia Fraser and Jeremy M. Grimshaw

    Implementation Science 2017 12:30

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  19. Study protocol

    Testing the leadership and organizational change for implementation (LOCI) intervention in substance abuse treatment: a cluster randomized trial study protocol

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation represents a strategic change in organizations that requires effective leadership and alignment of leadership and organizational support across organizational level...

    Gregory A. Aarons, Mark G. Ehrhart, Joanna C. Moullin, Elisa M. Torres and Amy E. Green

    Implementation Science 2017 12:29

    Published on: 3 March 2017

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