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  1. Research

    Applying the Theoretical Domains Framework to identify barriers and targeted interventions to enhance nurses’ use of electronic medication management systems in two Australian hospitals

    Medication errors harm hospitalised patients and increase health care costs. Electronic Medication Management Systems (EMMS) have been shown to reduce medication errors. However, nurses do not always use EMMS ...

    Deborah Debono, Natalie Taylor, Wendy Lipworth, David Greenfield, Joanne Travaglia, Deborah Black and Jeffrey Braithwaite

    Implementation Science 2017 12:42

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  2. Systematic review

    A theoretical analysis of the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of school-based physical activity policies in Canada: a mixed methods scoping review

    Given the potential impact school-based daily physical activity (DPA) policies can have on the health outcomes of Canadian children, it is surprising that such little research has examined the implementation a...

    Katie A. Weatherson, Heather L. Gainforth and Mary E. Jung

    Implementation Science 2017 12:41

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  3. Research

    Improving the adaptability of WHO evidence-informed guidelines for nutrition actions: results of a mixed methods evaluation

    Over the past decade, the World Health Organization (WHO) has implemented a standardized, evidence-informed guideline development process to assure technically sound and policy-relevant guidelines. This study ...

    Maria Cecilia Dedios, Alexo Esperato, Luz Maria De-Regil, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas and Susan L. Norris

    Implementation Science 2017 12:39

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  4. Study protocol

    Design and implementation of electronic health record integrated clinical prediction rules (iCPR): a randomized trial in diverse primary care settings

    Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) represent a method of determining individual patient risk to help providers make more accurate decisions at the point of care. Well-validated CPRs are underutilized but may dec...

    David A. Feldstein, Rachel Hess, Thomas McGinn, Rebecca G. Mishuris, Lauren McCullagh, Paul D. Smith, Michael Flynn, Joseph Palmisano, Gheorghe Doros and Devin Mann

    Implementation Science 2017 12:37

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  5. Research

    Adoption, reach, and implementation of a cancer education intervention in African American churches

    Use of technology is increasing in health promotion and has continued growth potential in intervention research. Guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framewor...

    Sherie Lou Zara Santos, Erin K. Tagai, Mary Ann Scheirer, Janice Bowie, Muhiuddin Haider, Jimmie Slade, Min Qi Wang and Cheryl L. Holt

    Implementation Science 2017 12:36

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  6. Research

    Using Getting To Outcomes to facilitate the use of an evidence-based practice in VA homeless programs: a cluster-randomized trial of an implementation support strategy

    Incorporating evidence-based integrated treatment for dual disorders into typical care settings has been challenging, especially among those serving Veterans who are homeless. This paper presents an evaluation...

    Matthew Chinman, Sharon McCarthy, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Hugh Byrne and David A. Smelson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:34

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  7. Research

    Identifying barriers to and facilitators of tuberculosis contact investigation in Kampala, Uganda: a behavioral approach

    The World Health Organization recommends routine household tuberculosis contact investigation in high-burden countries but adoption has been limited. We sought to identify barriers to and facilitators of TB co...

    Irene Ayakaka, Sara Ackerman, Joseph M. Ggita, Phoebe Kajubi, David Dowdy, Jessica E. Haberer, Elizabeth Fair, Philip Hopewell, Margaret A. Handley, Adithya Cattamanchi, Achilles Katamba and J. Lucian Davis

    Implementation Science 2017 12:33

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  8. Study protocol

    Improving and sustaining delivery of CPT for PTSD in mental health systems: a cluster randomized trial

    Large-scale implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder can have a tremendous impact on mental and physical health, heal...

    Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Erin P. Finley, Norman Shields, Joan Cook, Rachel Haine-Schlagel, James F. Burgess, Linda Dimeff, Kelly Koerner, Michael Suvak, Cassidy A. Gutner, David Gagnon, Tasoula Masina, Matthew Beristianos, Kera Mallard, Vanessa Ramirez and Candice Monson

    Implementation Science 2017 12:32

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  9. Research

    A tailored programme to implement recommendations for multimorbid patients with polypharmacy in primary care practices—process evaluation of a cluster randomized trial

    We developed and evaluated a tailored programme to implement three evidence-based recommendations for multimorbid patients with polypharmacy into primary care practices: structured medication counselling inclu...

    Cornelia Jäger, Jost Steinhäuser, Tobias Freund, Sarah Kuse, Joachim Szecsenyi and Michel Wensing

    Implementation Science 2017 12:31

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  10. Systematic review

    Methods for designing interventions to change healthcare professionals’ behaviour: a systematic review

    Systematic reviews consistently indicate that interventions to change healthcare professional (HCP) behaviour are haphazardly designed and poorly specified. Clarity about methods for designing and specifying i...

    Heather L. Colquhoun, Janet E. Squires, Niina Kolehmainen, Cynthia Fraser and Jeremy M. Grimshaw

    Implementation Science 2017 12:30

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  11. Study protocol

    Testing the leadership and organizational change for implementation (LOCI) intervention in substance abuse treatment: a cluster randomized trial study protocol

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation represents a strategic change in organizations that requires effective leadership and alignment of leadership and organizational support across organizational level...

    Gregory A. Aarons, Mark G. Ehrhart, Joanna C. Moullin, Elisa M. Torres and Amy E. Green

    Implementation Science 2017 12:29

    Published on: 3 March 2017

  12. Research

    Application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to assess factors that may influence implementation of tobacco use treatment guidelines in the Viet Nam public health care delivery system

    Services to treat tobacco dependence are not readily available to smokers in low-middle income countries (LMICs) where smoking prevalence remains high. We are conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial c...

    Nancy VanDevanter, Pritika Kumar, Nam Nguyen, Linh Nguyen, Trang Nguyen, Frances Stillman, Bryan Weiner and Donna Shelley

    Implementation Science 2017 12:27

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  13. Systematic review

    Use of theory to plan or evaluate guideline implementation among physicians: a scoping review

    Guidelines support health care decision-making and high quality care and outcomes. However, their implementation is sub-optimal. Theory-informed, tailored implementation is associated with guideline use. Few g...

    Laurel Liang, Susanne Bernhardsson, Robin W. M. Vernooij, Melissa J. Armstrong, André Bussières, Melissa C. Brouwers and Anna R. Gagliardi

    Implementation Science 2017 12:26

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  14. Methodology

    Intervention planning for a digital intervention for self-management of hypertension: a theory-, evidence- and person-based approach

    This paper describes the intervention planning process for the Home and Online Management and Evaluation of Blood Pressure (HOME BP), a digital intervention to promote hypertension self-management. It illustra...

    Rebecca Band, Katherine Bradbury, Katherine Morton, Carl May, Susan Michie, Frances S. Mair, Elizabeth Murray, Richard J. McManus, Paul Little and Lucy Yardley

    Implementation Science 2017 12:25

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  15. Research

    Planning to be routine: habit as a mediator of the planning-behaviour relationship in healthcare professionals

    Gaps in the quality of care provided to people with type 2 diabetes are regularly identified. Healthcare professionals often have a strong intention to follow practice guidelines during consultations with peop...

    Sebastian Potthoff, Justin Presseau, Falko F. Sniehotta, Marie Johnston, Marko Elovainio and Leah Avery

    Implementation Science 2017 12:24

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  16. Research

    Pharmacists’ views and reported practices in relation to a new generic drug substitution policy in Lebanon: a mixed methods study

    Governments in both developed and developing countries have adopted generic drug substitution policies to decrease pharmaceutical expenditures and improve access to medicine. In August 2015, the Ministry of Pu...

    Fadi El-Jardali, Racha Fadlallah, Rami Z. Morsi, Nour Hemadi, Mounir Al-Gibbawi, Magda Haj, Suzan Khalil, Youssef Saklawi, Diana Jamal and Elie A. Akl

    Implementation Science 2017 12:23

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  17. Systematic review

    Understanding the performance of community health volunteers involved in the delivery of health programmes in underserved areas: a realist synthesis

    The recruitment of community health volunteers (CHVs) to support the delivery of health programmes is an established approach in underserved areas and in particular where there are health inequalities due to t...

    Gaëlle Vareilles, Jeanine Pommier, Bruno Marchal and Sumit Kane

    Implementation Science 2017 12:22

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  18. Research

    Making sense of complexity in context and implementation: the Context and Implementation of Complex Interventions (CICI) framework

    The effectiveness of complex interventions, as well as their success in reaching relevant populations, is critically influenced by their implementation in a given context. Current conceptual frameworks often f...

    Lisa M. Pfadenhauer, Ansgar Gerhardus, Kati Mozygemba, Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Andrew Booth, Bjørn Hofmann, Philip Wahlster, Stephanie Polus, Jacob Burns, Louise Brereton and Eva Rehfuess

    Implementation Science 2017 12:21

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  19. Research

    A comparison of how behavioral health organizations utilize training to prepare for health care reform

    Under the Affordable Care Act, States have obtained Medicaid waivers to overhaul their behavioral health service systems to improve quality and reduce costs. Critical to implementation of broad service deliver...

    Victoria Stanhope, Mimi Choy-Brown, Stacey Barrenger, Jennifer Manuel, Micaela Mercado, Mary McKay and Steven C. Marcus

    Implementation Science 2017 12:19

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  20. Research

    Does access to a demand-led evidence briefing service improve uptake and use of research evidence by health service commissioners? A controlled before and after study

    The Health and Social Care Act mandated research use as a core consideration of health service commissioning arrangements in England. We undertook a controlled before and after study to evaluate whether access...

    Paul M Wilson, Kate Farley, Liz Bickerdike, Alison Booth, Duncan Chambers, Mark Lambert, Carl Thompson, Rhiannon Turner and Ian S Watt

    Implementation Science 2017 12:20

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  21. Research

    Process evaluation of a cluster-randomised trial testing a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle: a mixed-methods study

    As pressure ulcers contribute to significant patient burden and increased health care costs, their prevention is a clinical priority. Our team developed and tested a complex intervention, a pressure ulcer prev...

    Shelley Roberts, Elizabeth McInnes, Tracey Bucknall, Marianne Wallis, Merrilyn Banks and Wendy Chaboyer

    Implementation Science 2017 12:18

    Published on: 13 February 2017

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